From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|City of Dumaguete
Dakbayan sa Dumaguete
Lungsod ng Dumaguete
|Nickname(s): The City of Gentle People|
|Negros Oriental showing the location of Dumaguete|
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||2nd district of Negros Oriental|
|Income Class||3rd Class|
|Chartered as City||June 15, 1948|
|- Mayor||Chiquiting Sagarbarria|
|- Vice Mayor||Alan Cordova|
|- Total||34.26 km2 (13.2 sq mi)|
|- Density||3,397.3/km2 (8,799/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
The City of Dumaguete is a city in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. It is the capital, principal seaport, and largest city of the province. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 116,392 people. A person from Dumaguete is called a "Dumagueteño". The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university town because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country's first Protestant university and the first American private university in Asia. There are also 12 elementary schools and 9 high schools. The city's student population is estimated at 30,000.
The city attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy ferry access from Cebu City, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, and the attraction of dolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City.
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to Manila, the capital of the Philippines, the cities south of Luzon, as well as to other major cities in southern Philippines.
"Dumaguete" was coined from the Visayan word "daggit" which means "to snatch". Because of the frequent marauding attacks of the Muslim pirates on this once coastal town, and the power to attract and keep her visitors for good, the word "dumaguet" was coined, meaning "to swoop". Thus the name was christened to the village of Dumaguete. However, Diego Lopez Povedano in 1572 indicated the place as "Dananguet". But in 1734, Murillo Velarde referred to it using its present name of Dumaguete.
In 1890, the island-province of Negros was divided into two politico-military provinces, Occidental and Oriental. As earlier constituted, in 1898, Dumaguete was included in Negros Oriental. After the Philippine-American War, on May 1, 1901, a civil government was established by the Americans in the Province of Negros Oriental, including Dumaguete.
When World War II broke out, the city was occupied by the Japanese Imperial Forces on May 26, 1942. It was liberated on April 26, 1945 by the combined forces of the United States, Filipino Soldiers and the recognized guerrillas. Three years later on June 15, 1948, Republic Act No. 327, created the City of Dumaguete. Later, on June 21, 1969, Republic Act No. 5797 was enacted, otherwise known as the Revised Charter of Dumaguete City.
Geography and climate
The City has a land area of 34.26 km², situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of Negros Island near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the province's 20 municipalities and 5 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area. It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Sibulan; on the south by the Municipality of Bacong; and on the west by the Municipality of Valencia. As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Mindanao Sea and the Tañon Strait, serving as a natural border to the neighboring provinces of Cebu, Bohol, and Siquijor.
The city's topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the adjoining municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about one hundred meters above mean sea level. About 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%. The remaining areas have 3% to 5% slope.
Dumaguete has two seasons, namely; the dry and the wet seasons. The wet season covers the period from June to November, and the dry season starts from December to May, the hottest being April and May. The average maximum temperature is 34.3 °C and the average minimum temperature is 22.9 °C for the past years. The relative humidity of the locality for the past years was 78¾% with the month of December registering the highest.
|Climate data for Dumaguete City|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||25
|Precipitation mm (inches)||41.6
|Source: MSN Weather|
Dumaguete is politically subdivided into 30 barangays, all classified as urban. The eight barangays in the city's downtown area are known primarily by number. The smallest barangay is Barangay 4 with an area of only 5.11 hectares, while the biggest barangay is Barangay Banilad with 362.71 hectares.
As of the census of 2007, there are 116,392 people and 21,582 households residing in the city. It has also an average daylight population of 400,000 people, mostly shoppers and employees of establishments in the city coming from nearby municipalities and provinces such as Southern Cebu, Siquijor, Northern and Southern Negros. Dumaguete City is the most populous city in Negros Oriental, comprising 9.05% of the province's total population. Unlike the national profile, the male population dominates by 6% more than the female population.
Dumaguete has one of the lowest crime rates among Philippine cities its size.
Dumaguete has earned the distinction of being known as "the center of learning in the south," or a "university town" due to the presence of universities that have made their mark nationally and abroad. The city is a melting pot of students, professionals, artists, scholars and the literati coming from different parts of the country and the world.
Silliman University is the dominant institution of higher learning in Dumaguete, providing the city with a distinct university town atmosphere. It is the first Protestant university in the country and the first American private university in Asia. The 610,000 m² campus is adjacent to and intermixed with the city's downtown district. It is the 4th top performing school in the Philippines, and 2nd if the University of the Philippines System is taken as one, according to a survey conducted by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). It is ranked among the top 150 universities in Asia in International Students' Review by the QS Quacquarelli Symonds, an institution that ranks the world's top universities. Some of its buildings have likewise been recognized as landmarks. These buildings include the Silliman Hall, Katipunan Hall, the Luce Auditorium, and the Silliman Main Library (considered as one of the biggest libraries in the Philippines) 
Other universities located in the city are Foundation University, Negros Oriental State University (or NORSU, with two main campuses: NORSU main 1 and 2), and Saint Paul University of Dumaguete (1904), which is the first Saint Paul educational institution to be established in the Philippines by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres (SPC) from France. With the exception of NORSU, these universities also have grade schools and high schools.
There are also many colleges in the city, including a branch of AMA Computer University and its AMA Computer Learning Center (ACLC), a branch of the Asian College of Science and Technology (commonly known as ACSAT), a branch of STI College, Maxino College, Metro Dumaguete College, and Colegio de Santa Catalina de Alejandria (popularly known as COSCA).
Tourism and the academe are the major sources of income for the city. The academe alone pumps more than Php 2 billion of economic activity to the city annually. BPOs and IT firms are the fastest rising industries here. The retail sector is also showing signs of vibrancy in recent months with the opening of new stores and the construction of new retail establishments around the city.
Hotel and Tourism
Data from the Department of Tourism last year show that Dumaguete and Negros Oriental are among the top ten most visited tourist destinations in the country. Tourists visit popular sites such as the Apo Island Marine Protected Area, considered as one of the best dive sites in the world, as well as various other attractions within the city and nearby towns and cities.
The city has numerous hotels that cater to the growing number of tourists visiting the city every year. The most notable are Bethel Guest House along the Boulevard, Hotel Palwa and Hotel Nicanor in the downtown area, as well as Coco Grande and Harold's Mansion near Silliman University. Numerous hotels are currently under construction in various areas in the city, including a high rise hotel owned by the C&L Hotel group. Robinsons Land Corporation's goHotel is also expected to rise at the vicinity of Robinsons Place Dumaguete soon.
Business Process Outsourcing
Dumaguete's growing outsourcing industry is vastly diversified with services ranging from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, architectural outsourcing, etc. Dumaguete City is becoming one of the Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Techology (IT) hubs of the Philippines. Among the notable BPO companies operating in the city are TeleTech, SPi Global (Content Solutions/CRM), NarraSupport, Qualfon, StudentUniverse Corporation, SOPHI, Inc, Entheos IT, Rapid Data Services, Inc., Zero One Concept, etc.
CoreZone Philippines Incorporated
Richie Building Corner Sta. Rosa St. and Perdices St. Dgte City Tel No. (035) 422-4321. Services Offered: Consultancy,Installation of Accounting Software,External Audit/Management Audit,Project Feasibility Studies, Livelihood Project Proposal-Making and Development, Job Contracting, Training and Seminars
Robinsons Place Dumaguete
A 6-hectare mall located in the Dumaguete Business Park in Barangay Calindagan. This mall with over 45,000 square meter floor area is operated by Robinsons Land Corporation with main anchors Robinsons Supermarket, Robinsons Department Store, Toys 'R Us, and Robinsons Movieworld. (see Robinsons Place Dumaguete)
Lee Super Plaza
A 5 story plus basement department store and supermarket, with boutiques of popular brands and located along Perdices street. Owned and operated by Dynamic Development Corporation, it is a major shopping establishment in the city.
Lee Plaza Hypermart
A hypermarket located along the Dumaguete-Valencia Highway in Barangay Bagacay. Owned and operated by Dynamic Development Corporation, this mall has an IT zone occupied by sister companies ePLDT Ventus, a call center company now rebranded as SPi CRM, and the KPO/BPO firm SPi Technologies.
Expected to open this year is a new shopping establishment owned by Cang's Inc. located just outside the city's downtown area.
The city's first SM Savemore supermarket within MartOne Center in downtown area will open before the end of this year. Aside from these shopping establishments, there are several smaller shopping centers located in different areas of the city. These include the Portal West owned by Silliman University and located in its campus which has the National Bookstore as its main anchor store, and the Ever Mall which is currently undergoing renovation.
Dumaguete has three major hospitals namely the Holy Child Hospital, Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital, and the Silliman Medical Center which is currently tied-up with St.Luke's Medical Center in Metro Manila.
Sibulan Airport (IATA: DGT, ICAO: RPVD) also known as Dumaguete Airport, is an airport serving the general area of Dumaguete City, located in the province of Negros Oriental in the Philippines. The airport is located in the municipality of Sibulan, near the border with Dumaguete City, and as such takes its name from its location.
The airport is classified as a trunkline airport, or a major commercial domestic airport, by the Air Transportation Office, a body of the Department of Transportation and Communications that is responsible for the operations of not only this airport but also of all other airports in the Philippines except the major international airports.
The Dumaguete Pier, located in Barangay Looc, is the second largest port in Central Visayas. It is the main port of trade for the city and the whole province of Negros Oriental. It is being expanded to accommodate more container ships. A beautiful and modern new passenger terminal has recently been completed and considered to be the largest passenger terminal in the Visayas which can accommodate 1,300 to 1,500 passengers at a given time.
Dumaguete has three major roads namely Real Street, Perdices Street, and Rizal Boulevard. A circumferential road is currently constructed west of Dumaguete.
Tricycles, jeepneys, and taxis are the major modes of transportation in the city. Bus transportation is also available for travelling outside Dumaguete with 3 major bus stations.
- DYYB-TV TV 5 Dumaguete - Owned by: GMA Network
- DYYM-TV TV 10 Dumaguete - Owned by: National Broadcasting Corporation
- DYTM-TV TV 11 Dumaguete - Owned by: Intercontinental Broadcasting Company
- DYMA-TV TV 12 Dumaguete - Owned by: ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation
- DYKD-TV TV 8 Dumaguete - Owned by: Radio Philippines Network and Solar Entertainment Inc
- DYEL-TV TV 24 Dumaguete - Owned by: Studio 23 and Amcara Broadcasting Corporation
Radio AM and FM Stations
- Bombo Radyo DYRC 881 Dumaguete - Owned by: Bombo Radyo Philippines
- DYBR 572 Dumaguete - Owned by: Manila Broadcasting Company
- DYWC Radyo Mo Nationwide 801 Dumaguete - Owned by: Radio Mindanao Network
- DYGB Power 91 FM 91.7 - Owned by: Gold Label Broadcasting Corp.
- DYSR Killerbee/Silliman Radio 95.1 - Owned by: Big Buzz Ventures & Silliman University
- DYEM Energy FM 96.7 - Owned by: Negros Chronicle
- DYFU Greyhound FM 101.3 - Owned by: Foundation University
- DYMY Yes! FM 106.3 - Owned by: Pacific Broadcasting Systems
- DYRM Radyo Asenso 1134 Dumaguete- Owned by: Philippine Radio Corporation
The following people are notable residents, past and present, from Dumaguete City:
- Angel C. Alcala, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Public Service and former Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Juanita Amatong, former Secretary of the Department of Finance
- Antonio Fortich, Catholic bishop and social activist
- Mark Javier, archer and Philippine delegate to the Beijing Olympics
- Eddie Romero, filmmaker and National Artist for Cinema and Broadcast Arts.
- Margarito Teves, Secretary of the Department of Finance
- Edith Tiempo, writer and National Artist for Literature.
- Edilberto Tiempo, writer
- César Ruiz Aquino, Writer and four-time Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
- Ian Casocot, Four-time Carlos Palanca Memorial Awardee and correspondent to the Philippine Daily Inquirer
- Beauty Gonzalez, actress, Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition Plus 4th Teen Placer
- Brett Jackson, Pinoy Big Brother Housemate.
- ^ "CSF program up in Dumaguete". Manila Bulletin. By Atty. Ignacio Bunye. Posted July 5, 2009. Accessed October 14, 2009.
- ^ "Heritage Diary of Negros Oriental". Inquirer.net. By: Dexter Matilla. Posted July 14, 2008. Accessed October 15, 2009.
- ^ http://www.negroshub.com/dumaguete-city/ NegrosHub.com - Dumaguete City
- ^ "MSN Weather". Microsoft. http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?wealocations=wc:7574768&q=Dumaguete%2c+PHL+forecast:averagesm. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- ^ "Dumaguete, Negros Oriental". Philippine Airlines. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
- ^ UP is No.1 based on PRC exams. UP Newsletter, Vol. XXVIII, No. 09. September 01, 2007. Accessed May 26, 2009.
- ^ "QS Asian University Rankings: International Student Review" QS Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- ^ Department of Tourism: Dumaguete City, the City of Gentle People. Accessed September 1, 2009.
- ^ Philippine Travel Center: Negros Oriental. Accessed September 1, 2009.
- ^ Negros Chronicle. Where to go in Negros Oriental. Accessed September 1, 2009.
- ^ WOWPhilippines: Things to do and see in Negros Oriental. Accessed September 1, 2009.
- ^ Top Tourist Destinations in the Philippines
- ^ gohotels.ph
- ^ Baguio, Dumaguete now in top 10 BPO Next Wave Cities
- ^ Rebranded as SPi Content Solutions
- ^ "St. Luke's inks MOA with Silliman Medical Center". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- ^ 1992 Ramon Magsaysay Awardees: Angel Alcala. Accessed August 5, 2009.
- ^ Office of the Press Secretary, Republic of the Philippines. Accessed August 5, 2009.
- ^ Edgar A. Cadagat and Karl G. Ombion. "Bishop Antonio Y. Fortich: Pilgrim for the Poor ". Bulatlat.com. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ Cedelf P. Tupas. "Team Philippines leaves for Beijing in batches". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ "RP’s best hope for Olympic gold medal climbs ring ". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ National Artists of the Philippines: Eddie Romero. Accessed October 11, 2009.
- ^ "RP Economy: Out of the woods at last?". Sun.Star. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ National Artists of the Philippines: Edith Tiempo. Accessed October 11, 2009.
- ^ "National Artists for Literature: Edith L. Tiempo". Panitikan.com.ph. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ "Cesar Ruiz Aquino". Panitikan.com.ph. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ "PBB retains Beauty". Negros Chronicle. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ "Beauty Gonzales turns 18". ABS-CBN. Accessed November 27, 2009.
- ^ "Another PBB Teen Edition placer joins showbiz". Telebisyon.net. Retrieved 2010-05-13.
- ^ "Bret Alan Jackson". ABS-CBN. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- ^ "Bret Jackson". Facebook. Retrieved 2010-06-22.