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Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of limnology, oceanography, freshwater biology, marine biology, conservation, ecology, population dynamics, economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries. In some cases new disciplines have emerged, as in the case of bioeconomics.
Fisheries science is typically taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, master's or Ph.D. program. Some universities offer fully integrated programs in fisheries science.
Fisheries research vessels (FRVs) require platforms which are capable of towing different types of fishing nets, collecting plankton or water samples from a range of depths, and carrying acoustic fish-finding equipment. Fisheries research vessels are often designed and built along the same lines as a large fishing vessel, but with space given over to laboratories and equipment storage, as opposed to storage of the catch.
Members of this list meet one or more of the following criteria: 1) Author of widely cited peer reviewed articles on fisheries, 2) Author of major reference work in fisheries, 3) Founder of major fisheries journal, museum or other related organisation 4) Person most notable for other reasons who has also worked in fisheries science.
- Spencer F. Baird – founding scientist of the United States Fish Commission
- Fedor I. Baranov - Russian scientist and the father of the Baranov catch equation, thereby being one of the founding fathers of fisheries science
- Ludwig von Bertalanffy – Austrian-born biologist and a founder of general systems theory
- Ray Beverton – English fisheries biologist; known for the Beverton–Holt model (with Sidney Holt), credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
- Villy Christensen – fisheries scientist and ecosystem modeler, known for his work on the development of Ecopath
- John N. Cobb – founder of the first college of fisheries in the United States, the University of Washington College of Fisheries, in 1919
- David Cushing – English born fisheries biologist, who is credited with the development of the match/mismatch hypothesis
- W. Harry Everhart – American fisheries scientist, educator, administrator, and author of several widely used fisheries texts
- Rainer Froese – Known for his work on the development and coordination of FishBase
- Gotthilf Hempel – German marine biologist and oceanographer, and co-founder of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
- Walther Herwig – Prussian lawyer and promoter of high seas fishing and research
- Ray Hilborn – Canadian-born fisheries biologist, with strong contributions towards fisheries management
- Johan Hjort – Norwegian fisheries biologist, marine zoologist, and oceanographer
- Bruno Hofer – German fishery scientist, credited with being the founder of fish pathology
- Sidney Holt – English fisheries biologist; known for the Beverton–Holt model (with Ray Beverton), credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
- Uwe Kils – German marine biologist specializing in planktology. Inventor of the ecoSCOPE
- Robert T. Lackey – Canadian born fisheries scientist and political scientist known for his work involving the role of science in policy making
- Leo Margolis – Canadian parasitologist and head of the Pacific Biological Station in Nanaimo, British Columbia
- R. J. McKay – Australian-born biologist and a specialist in translocated freshwater fishes
- Ransom A. Myers – Canadian marine biologist and conservationist
- Daniel Pauly – prominent French-born fisheries scientist, known for his work studying human impacts on global fisheries
- Tony J. Pitcher – known for work on the impacts of fishing, management appraisals and the shoaling behavior of fish
- Michael A. Rice – American known for work on molluscan fisheries
- Bill Ricker – Canadian fisheries biologist, known for the Ricker model, credited with being one of the founders of fisheries science
- Ed Ricketts – a colourful American marine biologist and philosopher who introduced ecology to fisheries science.
- Callum Roberts – British marine conservation biologist, known for his work on the role marine reserves play in protecting marine ecosystems
- Harald Rosenthal – German hydrobiologist known for his work in fish farming and ecology
- Carl Safina – author of several writings on marine ecology and the ocean
- Georg Ossian Sars – Norwegian marine biologist credited with the discovery of a number of new species and known for his analysis of cod fisheries
- Tore Schweder – Norwegian statistician whose work includes the assessment of marine resources
- Milner Baily Schaefer – notable for his work on the population dynamics of fisheries
- Ussif Rashid Sumaila – noted for his analysis of the economic aspects of fisheries
- Fred Utter – noted as the founding father of the field of fishery genetics
- Carl Walters – American born biologist known for his work involving fisheries stock assessments, the adaptive management concept, and ecosystem modeling
- World Council of Fisheries Societies
- American Fisheries Society
- The Fisheries Society of the British Isles
- The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
- The Australian Society for Fish Biology
Some journals about fisheries are
- Fishery Bulletin
- Fisheries Oceanography
- Journal of the Fisheries Research Board
- Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
- Transactions of the American Fisheries Society
- Fisheries Management and Ecology
- Fish and Fisheries
- Journal of Fish Biology
- Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science
- Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
- The Open Fish Science Journal
- African Journal of Tropical Hydrobiology and Fisheries
- ICES Journal of Marine Science
- Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
- International journal of fisheries and aquaculture
- Reviews in Fisheries Science
- Fisheries management
- Fisheries and aquaculture research institutes
- International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
- Baranov, F. I. 1918. K voprosu o biologicheskikh osnovaniyakh rylmogo khozyaistva (On the question of the biological basis of fisheries). Nauchnyi Issledovatelski Ikhtiologicheski Institut Izvestia, 1: 81-128. (in Russian)
- Ed Ricketts’ death, 50 years ago last week, preceded that of Cannery Row by only a few months. – Eric Enno Tamm (2005) Monterey County Weekly.
- Hart, Paul J B and Reynolds, John D (2002) Handbook of Fish Biology and Fisheries, Chapter 1, The human dimensions of fisheries science. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-632-06482-X
- Megrey BA and Moksness E (eds) (2009) Computers in Fisheries Research second edition, Springer. ISBN 978-1-4020-8635-9. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8636-6_1
- Pauly, D and Palomares, M L D (eds) (2002) Production Systems in Fishery Management Fisheries Centre Research Reports 10(8).
- Payne A, Cotter AJR, Cotter J and Potter T (2008) Advances in fisheries science: 50 years on from Beverton and Holt John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-1-4051-7083-3.
- Fisheries science at the Open Directory Project
- The Sea Ahead... learning from the past. A web site of the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies promoting ecosystem-based fisheries science.
- What is fisheries science?