Gisela of Swabia

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Gisela of Swabia
Gisela von Schwaben.JPG
Depiction in the Babenberg family tree at Klosterneuburg Monastery, c. 1490
Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire
Reign 1027–1039
Coronation 26 March 1027
St. Peter's Basilica, Rome
Queen consort of Germany
Reign 1024–1039
Coronation 21 September 1024
Cologne Cathedral
Born 11 November 990
Died 14 February 1043(1043-02-14)
Imperial Palace of Goslar, Saxony
Burial Speyer Cathedral
Spouse Brun I, Count of Brunswick
Ernest I, Duke of Swabia
Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
Issue
more...
Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia
Ernest II, Duke of Swabia
Herman IV, Duke of Swabia
Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
Matilda of Franconia
House Conradines
Father Herman II, Duke of Swabia
Mother Gerberga of Burgundy

Gisela of Swabia (11 November 990 – 14 February 1043), a member of the Conradiner dynasty, was Queen consort of Germany from 1024 to 1039 and Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 to 1039 by her third marriage with Emperor Conrad II. She was the mother of Emperor Henry III. She was regent of Swavia for her minor son Duke Ernest II of Swabia in 1015.

Life[edit]

Conrad and Gisela kneeling before Christ in Majesty, Codex Aureus Escorialensis, c. 1045.

Gisela was the daughter of Duke Herman II of Swabia and Gerberga of Burgundy, daughter of King Conrad the Peaceful. Both her parents were descendants of Charlemagne.[1]

She first married the Saxon count Brun I of Brunswick, about 1002. Upon Brun's death, her second marriage was ca. 1012 with the Babenberg scion Ernest, who had been enfeoffed with the Duchy of Swabia by King Henry II at the death of Gisela's brother, Duke Herman III and aimed at legitimising himself as his heir. After Ernest's early death in 1015, Gisela became regent for their minor son Duke Ernest II of Swabia (Herzog Ernst). She was then removed from the regency by her third husband on grounds of her being too closely related to the late Babenberg duke, an incident which later led to a major conflict between Ernest II and his stepfather.

Her third marriage, who took place before January 1017, was to Conrad II, who was elected King of the Romans in 1024 and became Holy Roman Emperor in 1027. According to Thietmar of Merseburg, Archbishop Aribo of Mainz refused to crown her Queen of Germany, as he stated Gisela and Conrad were too closely related. Nevertheless, thirteen days after his coronation, Archbishop Pilgrim of Cologne crowned her instead.[2]

Gisela played an active part in politics, attending Imperial councils and having her uncle King Rudolph III of Burgundy transfer the succession of his Arelat realm to her husband Conrad. Also, she participated in several synods of the church. She took care of her sister Matilda's daughters Sophie and Beatrice,[3] who would both go on to play political roles as Countess of Bar and regent in the Italian March of Tuscany respectively. After Conrad's death in 1039, she and her son Henry III led the mourning progression.[4]

The empress died of dysentery at the Imperial Palace of Goslar in 1043. She is interred in the grotto of Speyer Cathedral, Germany along with several emperors and other members of the imperial family. Her tomb was opened in 1900 and Gisela's mummified body was found to be 172 cm (5' 8") tall, with long blond hair.

Children[edit]

Gisela and Brun I, Count of Brunswick had:

  • Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia (c. 1003 – 24 January 1038)
  • Daughter (c. 1004 – ?), married Count Thiemo II of Formbach
  • Gisela (c. 1005 – c. 1052), married Count Berthold of Sangerhausen

Gisela and Ernest I, Duke of Swabia had:

Gisela and Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor had:

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wolfram and Kaiser. p. 32.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Wolfram and Kaiser. p. 159.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Kagay and Villalon. p. 358.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Wolfram and Kaiser. p. 346.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

References[edit]

  • Kagay and Villalon (2003). Crusaders, Condottieri, and Cannon: Medieval Warfare in Societies around the Mediterranean. Koninklijke Brill NV. 
  • Wolfram and Kaiser (2006). Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms. The Pennsylvania State University Press. 
  • "Women in power 1000-1100" from Guide2womenleaders.com, last accessed January 15, 2007
  • Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon, Appelhans 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7
Gisela of Swabia
Born: 11 November 989 or 990 Died: 14 February 1043
German royalty
Preceded by
Cunigunde of Luxembourg
Queen consort of Germany
1024–1028
Succeeded by
Gunhilda of Denmark
Empress consort of
the Holy Roman Empire

1027–1039
Succeeded by
Agnes of Poitou
Preceded by
Ermengarde of Savoy
Queen consort of Burgundy
1032–1038