Gisela of Swabia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Gisela of Swabia|
Gisela of Swabia
|Spouse(s)||Bruno I, Count of Brunswick
Ernest I, Duke of Swabia
Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
|Father||Herman II, Duke of Swabia|
|Mother||Gerberga of Burgundy|
|Born||989 or 990|
|Died||14 February 1043
She first married Bruno I, Count of Brunswick, in 1002. Her second marriage was to Ernest I, Duke of Swabia, who inherited Swabia through her at the death of Gisela's brother, Herman III. After his death in 1015, she became regent for their son Ernest II. She was then removed from the regency on grounds of her being too closely related to her late husband.
Her third marriage, in 1016 or 1017, was to Conrad, who became Emperor in 1027. Aribo, Archbishop of Mainz refused to crown her, because he stated Gisela and Conrad were too closely related. Thirteen days after his coronation, Pilgrim, Archbishop of Cologne crowned her Empress of Germany instead.
She played an active part in politics, attending imperial councils and having her relative Rudolph III of Burgundy transfer the succession of his realm to her husband. Also, she participated in several synods of the church.
After Conrad's death in 1038, she and her son Henry led the mourning progression.
Gisela died of dysentery in the royal palace in Goslar in 1043. She is interred in the grotto of the Imperial Cathedral of Speyer, Germany along with several emperors and other members of the imperial family. Her tomb was opened in 1900 and Gisela's mummified body was found to be 172 cm (5' 8") tall, with long blond hair.
Gisela and Bruno I, Count of Brunswick had:
- Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia (c. 1003–1038)
- and one other son and two daughters
Gisela and Ernest I, Duke of Swabia were parents to two sons:
- Ernest II, Duke of Swabia (c. 1010 – August 17, 1030)
- Herman IV, Duke of Swabia (c. 1015 – July 28, 1038)
Gisela and Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor were parents to three children:
- Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (October 28, 1017 – October 5, 1056)
- Matilda (1027 – January, 1034), betrothed to Henry I of France
- Beatrix (c. 1030 – September 26, 1036)
|Ancestors of Gisela of Swabia|
- Kagay and Villalon (2003). Crusaders, Condottieri, and Cannon: Medieval Warfare in Societies around the Mediterranean. Koninklijke Brill NV.
- Wolfram and Kaiser (2006). Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms. The Pennsylvania State University Press.
- "Women in power 1000-1100" from Guide2womenleaders.com, last accessed January 15, 2007
- Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon, Appelhans 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7
Gisela of SwabiaBorn: 989 or 990 Died: 14 February 1043
Cunigunde of Luxembourg
|Queen consort of Germany
Gunhilda of Denmark
|Empress consort of
the Holy Roman Empire
Agnes of Poitou
Ermengarde of Savoy
|Queen consort of Burgundy