Ikarus MM-2

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Ikarus MM-2
Ikarus MM-2.jpg
Ikarus MM-2/(MIMA-2)
Role Trainer (aircraft)
National origin Yugoslavia
Manufacturer Fabrika aero i hidroplana Ikarus A.D. Zemun - Belgrade
Designer Dragutin Milošević and Djordje Manojlović
First flight December 1940
Introduction prototype
Retired 1942
Status inactive
Primary user Yugoslav Royal Air Force
Number built 1
Developed from Zmaj Fizir FN

The Ikarus MM-2 (Serbian Cyrillic:Икарус MM-2) was a 1940 prototype single engine low-wing monoplane training aircraft featuring mixed (wood and metal) construction and retractable undercarriage produced at the Yugoslavian Ikarus factory.

Design and development[edit]

Recognizing the problem of fighter pilot training the second half of the 1930s, when it appeared a new generation of low-wing fighters (Hawker Hurricane, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Spitfire and Rogožarski IK-3) a fighter pilot training in the Yugoslav Royal Air Force was done on veteran fighter (Spad, Devoatin, Gurdu, Avia had their maximum speed of around 200 km/h and the modern combat planes are double faster), for the simple reason that there was adequate for the school aircraft purpose, Eng. Dragutin Milošević Air Force captain and fighter pilot, 1936 the school began a study of aircraft for pilot training exercise. This first plane was marked as M-1, M coming from the last name of designer. Design had proposed inline Renault engine and pilots in tandem. Construction of the plane and geometry was modern, with low wing and retractable landing gear. His project under the designation M-1 declined to Headquarters Air Force because of the use of imported components (Reno was scheduled engine). During 1937 launched the redesign of the aircraft engine IAM local K-7 (license Gnôme-Rhône 7K) under the designation M-2, which was completed in mid-1939. That same year, testing was completed in the Eiffel wind tunnel model, which confirmed all budgets. At the time he joined the project engineer major Djordje Manojlović who succeeded his connections to quickly accept the project. The project received MM-2 designation by the initials Milošević - Manojlović. Prototype is entrusted to the Ikarus who at that time working on three new projects (aircraft: Orkan, Aero-2 and B-5). [1]

Operational history[edit]

Ikarus” had taken the project for prototype manufacture and the project is released at March 25. 1940. The plane was completely finished in the November 1940. First flight test was made in December 1940 and test pilot was Vasilije Stojanovic. Total of 45 factory test flight was made with 20 flying hours made. Plane was very stable with very good handling characteristics. As the aircraft showed excellent properties, the Air Force Command had bought the prototype, which on 4 April 1941 flew in from Zemun in Kraljevo together with experiment group Yugoslav Royal Air Force. Armament should consist of two Darne 7, 7 mm armament placed in the wing with total of 2175 rounds. On the lower fuselage could be attached bomb pylon with connection for four bombs cal. 10 kg. Front piece of fuselage was metal plate with rear part fabric covered. Wings are constructed of wing center section and outer wings. Center section was of completely metal construction with metal panels while outer wings are of wooden construction. Cockpit was enclosed. Electrical installation was 24 V and in the series manufacture was planed “Telefunken” Fu GVII radio station. Envisaged to release order of 50 planes but the beginning of the war thwarted these plans. Since the war began two days, the aircraft was captured intact the German army plane and September gave its allies in the Croatian army, which flew under the number 6301 to the courier business.[2] It was destroyed during the fall when landing at the airport Rajlovac 13 May 1942 year. Aircraft was not renewed because the damage was a fall of 90%. Model aircraft and documentation is kept in the Yugoslav Museum of Aviation at the airport in Belgrade. After World War II the plane had no prospects because of their features was in the area you have filled the school yet aircraft.[clarification needed]

Operators[edit]

 Yugoslavia
 NDH


Specifications[edit]

Data from :Боснић, Петар (март 1999.). Архив. "Авион МИМА-2 (II) Драгуљ предратне југословенске ваздухопловне индустрије" (in (Serbian)). Аеромагазин (-{YU}--Београд: ББ Софт) 8: стр. 38 - 41. ISSN: 1450-6068.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 7.20 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.30 m (30 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.89 m (9 ft 6 in) spread, 1,360 m2 (14,600 sq ft) swept
  • Empty weight: 894 kg (1,971 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,330 kg (2,932 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: 160
  • Powerplant: 1 × IAM, K-7(7-cylinder radial engine), 310 kW (420 hp)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 400 km/h (249 mph; 216 kn) 400 at sea level
  • Cruising speed: 304 km/h (189 mph; 164 kn)
  • Minimum control speed: 98 km/h (61 mph; 53 kn)
  • Range: 764 km (475 mi; 413 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,250 m (30,348 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 12.3 m/s (2,420 ft/min)

See also[edit]

  • Ikarus IK-2, a Yugoslav high-wing, all-metal, single seat, monoplane fighter aircraft.
  • Rogožarski IK-3, a Yugoslav single engine low-wing monoplane single-seat interceptor fighter.
  • Zmaj Fizir FP-2, a Yugoslav single-engine, two-seater biplane
  • Rogožarski R-100, a Yugoslav single-engined, single-seat parasol winged aircraft
  • Rogožarski PVT, a Yugoslav single-engined, two-seat parasol winged aircraft
Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Боснић, Петар (фебруар 1999.). Фељтон. "Авион МИМА-2 Драгуљ предратне југословенске ваздухопловне индустрије" (in Serbian). Аеромагазин (-{YU}--Београд: ББ Софт) 7: стр. 41 - 43. ISSN: 1450-6068.
  2. ^ Микић, Војислав (2000) (in Serbian). Зракопловство НДХ 1941 - 1945. -{YU}--Београд: ВИИВЈ и Таргет.

References[edit]

  • Janić, Čedomir; O. Petrović (2011). Short History of Aviation in Serbia. Beograd: Aerokomunikacije. ISBN 978-86-913973-2-6. 
  • Жутић. Н. и Бошковић. Л., Икарус - Икарбус: 1923 - 1998, Икарбус, Београд, 1999.
  • О. Петровић., Војни аероплани Краљевине СХС/Југославије (Део II: 1931–1941.), Лет 3/2004. Београд, 2004.
  • Д. Лучић: Основи практичне аеродинамике са описима аероплана, Библиотека „Ваздухопловног Гласника“, Нови Сад, 1936
  • В. Илић; Школе војног ваздухопловства краљевине СХС/Југославије, Лет 3/2004. Београд, 2004.
  • Микић, Војислав (2000). Зракопловство НДХ 1941 - 1945 (in Serbian). -{YU}--Београд: ВИИВЈ и Таргет. 
  • Боснић, Петар (February 1999). "Авион МИМА-2 Драгуљ предратне југословенске ваздухопловне индустрије". Аеромагазин (in Serbian) (-{YU}--Београд: ББ Софт) 7: стр. 41–43. ISSN: 1450-6068.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  • Боснић, Петар (March 1999). "Авион МИМА-2 (II) Драгуљ предратне југословенске ваздухопловне индустрије". Аеромагазин (in Serbian) (-{YU}--Београд: ББ Софт) 8: стр. 38–41. ISSN: 1450-6068.  |chapter= ignored (help)
  • Јанић, Чедомир; Петровић, Огњан; (2010). Век авијације у Србији 1910-2010, 225 значајних летелица (in Serbian). Београд: Аерокомуникације. ISBN 978-86-913973-0-2. 

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