Kilo class submarine
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An Iranian Kilo class submarine, the Yunes
|Builders:||Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin”
Shipyard 199 "Krasnoe Sormovo", Nizhniy Novgorod (Gorkiy)
Shipyard 112,"imeni Leninskogo Komsomola", Komsoloľsk na Amure
Shipyard "Leningradskoe Admiralteyskoe Obedinenie" (Admiralteyskie Verfi), Saint Petersburg (Leningrad)Shipyard "Severnoe Mašinostroiteľnoe Predprijatie", Severodvinsk
|Operators:|| Soviet Navy
People's Liberation Army Navy
Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Romanian Naval Forces
Algerian National Navy
Vietnamese People's Navy
|Preceded by:||Tango class submarine|
|Succeeded by:||Lada class submarine|
|In commission:||April 1982|
|Displacement:||Surfaced: 2,300–2,350 tons
Submerged:3,000-3,950 tons full load
|Depth of hold:||Operational: 240 meters
Maximum: 300 meters
2 x 1000 kW Diesel generators
1 x 5,500–6,800 shp Propulsion motor
1 x fixed-pitch 6 or 7 bladed Propeller (6BL project 877) (7BL project 636)
|Speed:||Surfaced: 10–12 knots
Submerged: 17–25 knots
|Range:||With snorkel: 6,000–7,500 miles at 7 knots
Submerged: 400 miles at 3 knots
Full run: 12.7 miles at 21 knots
|Test depth:||300 m|
|Armament:||6/533 mm torpedo tubes
Club S anti-ship missiles (only on some export versions)
8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or 8 SA-N-10 Gimlet Surface-to-air missiles (export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons)
The Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a naval diesel-electric submarine that is made in Russia. The original version of the vessels were designated Project 877 Paltus (Halibut) in Russia. There is also a more advanced version, designated as Improved Kilo in the west, and Project 636 Varshavyanka in Russia.
The Kilo class was to have been succeeded by the Lada class. In November 2011 the Russian Navy announced that the Lada class will not enter service because trials with the lead boat of the new class, Sankt Peterburg (B-585) had shown major deficiencies. Construction of two further boats has been suspended.
The boats are mainly intended for anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations in relatively shallow waters. Original Project 877 boats are equipped with Rubikon MGK-400 sonar system (with NATO reporting name Shark Gill), which includes a mine detection and avoidance sonar MG-519 Arfa (with NATO reporting name Mouse Roar). Newer Project 636 boats are equipped with improved MGK-400EM, with MG-519 Afra also upgraded to MG-519EM. The improved sonar systems have reduced the number of operators needed by sharing the same console via automation.
Anechoic tiles are fitted on casings and fins to absorb the sonar sound waves of active sonar, which results in a reduction and distortion of the return signal. These tiles also help attenuate sounds that are emitted from the submarine, thus reducing the range by which the sub may be detected by passive sonar.
The first submarine entered service in the Soviet Navy in 1980, and the class remains in use with the Russian Navy today. 17 vessels are believed to still be in active service with the Russian Navy, while 7 vessels are thought to be in reserve. So far, 33 vessels have been exported to several countries:
- Algeria: 2 Original Kilo, 2 Improved Kilo.
- China: 2 Original Kilo, 10 Improved Kilo.
- India: Designated as the Sindhughosh class; 10 active.
- Poland: 1 Kilo ORP Orzeł.
- Iran: 3 Kilo.
- Romania: 1 Kilo – (Delfinul II).
- Russia: 17 Kilo in active service (B-445; B-459 Vladikavkaz; B-464 Ust'-Kamchatsk; B-471 Magnitogorsk; B-494 Ust'-Bolsheretsk; B-800 Kaluga; B-871 Alrosa; B-808 Yaroslavl'; B-177 Lipetsk; B-806; B-340; B-190; B-227; B-260 Chita; B-345; B-394; B-402 Vologda).; 6 Improved Kilo ordered
- Vietnam: 6 Improved Kilo (Kilo-636 KMV) on order, contract signed in 2010, production of one per year.
- The government of Venezuela expressed interest in buying 3 Project 636 Kilo class submarines
Project 877 units
|Russia||B-248||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||16 March 1980||12.09.1980||31 December 1980||in reserve|
|Russia||B-260||Chita||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||22 February 1981||23 August 1981||30 December 1981||PF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-227||Vyborg||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||23 February 1982||16 September 1982||23 February 1983||BF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-229||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||23 February 1983||15 July 1983||30 October 1983||in reserve|
|Russia||B-404||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||07.05.1983||24 September 1983||30 December 1983||in reserve|
|Russia||B-401||Novosibirsk||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||06.10.1982||15 March 1984||30 September 1984||NF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-402||Vologda||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||24 August 1983||29 September 1984||30 December 1984||NF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-405||(ex Tyumenskiy Komsomolets)||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||20 April 1984||21 September 1984||30 December 1984||decommissioned and sold for scrap in 2007|
|Poland||291 (ex B-351)||Orzeł||Nizhniy Novgorod||877E||1984||1985||1985||active as of 2010|
|Romania||581 (ex B-801)||Delfinul II||Nizhniy Novgorod||877E||1984||1985||1985||unknown (in reserve from 1995)|
|India||S55||Sindhugosh||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||29 May 1983||29 July 1985||25 November 1985||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2002–2005|
|Russia||B-470||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||06.05.1985||27 August 1985||30 December 1985||decommissioned and sold for scrap in 2007|
|Russia||B-806||x||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||15 October 1984||30 April 1986||25 September 1986||BF||active as of 2009, status in 2010 unknown|
|India||S56||Sindhudhvaj||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||01.04.1986||27 July 1986||25 November 1986||active as of 2010|
|Algeria||012||Rais Hadi Mubarek||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||1985||1986||29 November 1986||Upgraded in 2010, able to launch Klub missiles|
|Russia||B-439||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||4 April 1986||31 July 1986||30 December 1986||in reserve|
|India||S57||Sindhuraj||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||1986||1987||02.09.1987||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1999–2001|
|Algeria||013||Rais Hadi Slimane||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||1986||1987||25 November 1987||Upgraded in 2011, able to launch Klub missiles|
|India||S58||Sindhuvir||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||15 May 1987||13 September 1987||25 December 1987||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1997–1999|
|Russia||B-445||Svyatoi Nikolai Chudotvorets||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||21 March 1987||26 September 1987||30 January 1988||PF||unknown (in reserve from 2007 or active)|
|India||S59||Sindhuratna||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||1987||1988||14 August 1988||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2001–2003|
|India||S60||Sindhukesari||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||20 April 1988||16 August 1988||29 October 1988||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 1999–2001|
|Russia||B-808||Yaroslavl||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||29 September 1986||30 July 1988||27 December 1988||NF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-394||(ex Komsomolsk Tadjikistana)||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||15 April 1988||03.09.1988||30 December 1988||PF||unknown (in reserve from 2007 or active)|
|Russia||B-800||Kaluga (ex Vologodskij komsomolets)||Nizhniy Novgorod||877LPMB||05.03.1987||07.05.1989||30 September 1989||NF||refit as of 2012(refit finished launching of the vessel underway)|
|India||S61||Sindhukirti||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||05.04.1989||26 August 1989||30 October 1989||in modernization to project 08773 from 2007|
|Russia||B-464||Ust'-Kamchatsk||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||26 May 1989||23 September 1989||30 January 1990||PF||in reserve from 2007|
|Russia||B-459||Vledikavkaz||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||25 February 1988||29 April 1990||30 September 1990||NF||unknown (in reserve from 2008 or active)|
|India||S62||Sindhuvijay||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||06.04.1990||27 July 1990||27 October 1990||active as of 2010, modernized to project 08773 in 2005–2007|
|Russia||B-871||Alrosa||Nizhniy Novgorod||877V||17 May 1988||09.1989||30 December 1990||BSF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-471||Magnitogorsk||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||26 October 1988||22 September 1990||30 December 1990||NF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-494||Ust'-Bolsheretsk||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||5 May 1990||04.10.1990||30 December 1990||PF||unknown (in reserve from 2008 or active)|
|Iran||901||Tareg||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||05.04.1991||25 September 1991||25 December 1991||active as of 2012 Upgraded in Iran shipyard|
|Russia||B-187||x||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||07.05.1991||05.10.1991||30 December 1991||PF||in reserve from 2007|
|Russia||B-177||Lipetsk||Nizhniy Novgorod||877||03.11.1989||27 July 1991||30 December 1991||NF||active as of 2010|
|Russia||B-190||Krasnokamensk||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||08.05.1992||25 September 1992||30 December 1992||PF||active as of 2010|
|Iran||902||Noor||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||30 April 1992||16 October 1992||31 December 1992||unknown (probably in modernization in Iranian shipyard)|
|Russia||B-345||Mogocha||Komsomoľsk na Amure||877||22 April 1993||06.10.1993||22 January 1994||PF||active as of 2010|
|People's Republic of China||364||Yuan Zhend 64 Hao||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||???||1994||10.11.1994||active as of 2007|
|People's Republic of China||365||Yuan Zhend 65 Hao||Nizhniy Novgorod||877EKM||???||1995||14 August 1995||active as of 2007|
|Iran||903||Yunes||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||05.02.1992||12.07.1994||02.09.1996||active as 2011 (probably in modernization in Iranian shipyard)|
|India||S63||Sindhurakshak||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||16 February 1995||26 June 1997||02.10.1997||in modernization to project 08773 from 09.08.2010. In 23 June 2012 was be withdrawn from covered slipway and tests will undergo to end year|
|India||S64||Sindhushastra||Saint Petersburg||877EKM||12 December 1998||14 October 1999||16 May 2000||active as of 2010|
Project 636 units
|People's Republic of China||366||Yuan Zheng 66 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636||16 July 1996||26 April 1997||26 August 1997||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||367||Yuan Zheng 67 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636||28 August 1997||18 June 1998||25 October 1998||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||368||Yuan Zheng 68 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636M||18 October 2002||27 May 2004||20 October 2004||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||369||Yuan Zheng 69 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636M||18 October 2002||19 August 2004||2005||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||370||Yuan Zheng 70 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636M||2004||05.2005||2005||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||371||Yuan Zheng 71 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636M||2004||2005||2005||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||372||Yuan Zheng 72 Hao||Saint Petersburg||636M||2005||2005||2006||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||373||Yuan Zheng 73 Hao||Nizhniy Novgorod||636M||07.1992||08.05.2004||05.08.2005||active as of 2007|
|People's Republic of China||374||Yuan Zheng 74 Hao||Severodvinsk||636M||29 May 2003||21 May 2005||30 December 2005||active as of 2006|
|People's Republic of China||375||Yuan Zheng 75 Hao||Severodvinsk||636M||29 May 2003||14 July 2005||30 December 2005||active as of 2006|
|Algeria||022||???||Saint Petersburg||636M||2006||20 November 2008||28 August 2009||active|
|Algeria||023 (?)||???||Saint Petersburg||636M||2007||09.04.2009||29 October 2009||active|
|Russia||B-261||Novorossiysk||Saint Petersburg||636.3||20 August 2010||end 2013||pl.2014||BSF||laid down|
|Russia||B-237||Rostov-on-Don||Saint Petersburg||636.3||21 November 2011||pl.2014||BSF||laid down|
|Russia||B-262||Stary Oskol||Saint Petersburg||636.3||17 August 2012||pl.2015||BSF||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-182||Hà Nội||Saint Petersburg||636M||25 August 2010||28 August 2012||pl.2013||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-183||Hồ Chí Minh City||Saint Petersburg||636M||28 September 2011||28 December 2012||pl.2013||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-184||Hải Phòng||Saint Petersburg||636M||pl.2014||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-185||Đà Nẵng||Saint Petersburg||636M||pl.2015||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-186||Khánh Hòa||Saint Petersburg||636M||pl.2015||ordered|
|Vietnam||HQ-187||Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu||Saint Petersburg||636M||pl.2016||ordered|
There are several variants of the Kilo class. The information below is the smallest and largest number from the available information for all three variants of the ship.
- 2,300–2,350 tons surfaced
- 3,000–4,000 tons submerged
- Length: 70–74 meters
- Beam: 9.9 meters
- Draft: 6.2–6.5 meters
- Maximum speed
- 10–12 knots surfaced
- 17–25 knots submerged
- Propulsion: Diesel-electric 5,900 shp (4,400 kW)
- Maximum depth: 300 meters (240–250 meters operational)
- 400 nautical miles (700 km) at 3 knots (6 km/h) submerged
- 6,000 nautical miles (11,000 km) at 7 knots (13 km/h) snorkeling (7,500 miles for the Improved Kilo class)
- 45 days sea endurance
- Air defence: 8 SA-N-8 Gremlin or SA-N-10 Gimlet Surface-to-air missiles (export submarines may not be equipped with air defense weapons)
- Six 533 mm torpedo tubes with 18 53-65 ASuW or TEST 71/76 ASW torpedoes or VA-111 Shkval supercavitating "underwater missiles", or 24 DM-1 mines,
- Club S anti-ship missiles (only on some export versions)
- Crew: 52
- Price per unit is US$200–250 million (China paid approx. US$1.5-2 billion for 8 Project 636 Kilo class submarines)
Algerian Kilo class submarine.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kilo class submarines|
- Russian submarine Losharik
- Patrick Robinson – author of the novels Nimitz Class and Kilo Class; both describe hypothetical situations involving Kilo class submarines, though lacking credible detail. The Kilo is portrayed in many of Robinson's other novels, where the ships' stealth may be overemphasized.
- List of ships of Algeria
- "ВМФ отказался от новейших подлодок проекта "Лада"". Izvestia. 23 November 2011. http://izvestia.ru/news/507580.
- Anechoic tiles are fitted on casings and fins to absorb the sonar sound waves of active sonar, which results in a reduction and distortion of the return signal.
- Kilo Class Submarines
- "877 / 636 Kylo class | Russian Military Analysis". Warfare.ru. http://www.warfare.ru/?linkid=1758&catid=307. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Algeria – Navy". Country-data.com. http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-479.html. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Kilo Class (Project 636/877EKM) Diesel-Electric Submarine". SinoDefence.com. 23 February 2009. http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/sub/kilo.asp. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "SSK Kilo Class (Type 877EKM) Attack Submarine". Naval Technology. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/kilo877/. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- John Pike. "Kilo-class submarine – People's Liberation Army Navy". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/china/kilo.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Kilo Class – Project 636". Fas.org. http://fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/877.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- [dead link]
- "Polish Navy" (in (Polish)). Navy.mw.mil.pl. http://www.navy.mw.mil.pl/index.php?akcja=orzel. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "SSK Kilo Class (Type 877EKM) Attack Submarine". Naval Technology. http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/kilo877/index.html. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- Traunreut PsycINFO . "Romanian Naval Forces". Dic.academic.ru. http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/enwiki/497645. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "877 / 636 Kylo class | Russian Military Analysis". Warfare.ru. http://warfare.be/?lang=&catid=307&linkid=1758&linkname=877-/-636-Kylo-class. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Russia dominates Asian market with 28 diesel subs". Rusnavy.com. 15 December 2009. http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=9667. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Venezuela acquiring Russian submarines". UPI.com. 10 August 2010. http://www.upi.com/Business_News/Security-Industry/2010/08/10/Venezuela-acquiring-Russian-submarines/UPI-75881281471976/. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Иранские подводные лодки отправятся в 90-дневный поход". Flot.com. http://flot.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=84673. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Indian sub arrived to Severodvinsk for repairs". Rusnavy.com. http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=9971. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Submarine Novorossiysk has been laid down at Admiralteyskie Verfi". Rusnavy.com. 20 August 2010. http://rusnavy.com/news/navy/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=10078. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Вьетнам получит первую российскую подводную лодку через три года". Flotprom.ru. http://flotprom.ru/news/?ELEMENT_ID=80927. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Kilo Class – Project 636". Fas.org. http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/row/rus/877.htm. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "Project 877 Kilo class Project 636 Kilo class Diesel-Electric Torpedo Submarine Specifications". GlobalSecurity.org. 22 April 2006. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/877-specs.htm. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
- "Kilo class – Project 636". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/877.htm. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
- "China Defence Today – Kilo Class Diesel-Electric Submarine". SinoDefence.com. http://www.sinodefence.com/navy/sub/kilo.asp. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
- "Серия 877 Варшавянка". Encyclopedia of Ships (Russian language). http://ship.bsu.by/main.asp?id=101334. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
- "Rubin". Rubin. http://www.ckb-rubin.ru/. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
- "Kilo Class "Alrosa" Photoalbum: 100 Photos". Russian Black Sea Fleet. http://www.alrosa.net/photos/. Retrieved 5 October 2007.