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|Russian: Остров Колючин|
Location of Kolyuchin Island.
|Length||4.5 km (2.8 mi)|
|Width||1.5 km (0.93 mi)|
Kolyuchin Island or Koliuchin Island (Russian: Остров Колючин) is a small island in the Chukchi Sea. It is not far from the coast, being only 11 km (6.8 mi) from the northern shore of the Chukotka Peninsula. Its latitude is 67° 28' N and its longitude 174° 37' E.
This island is 4.5 km (2.8 mi) in length and its maximum width is 1.5 km (0.93 mi). It is covered with tundra vegetation and there is a small Chukchi settlement on the southern end of the island called Koliuchino. (In 1987, there was no village: only a low shore, easy to reach top of the island, and very old rare traces of former human presence i.e. separate logs, coals, etc. )
On the nearby shore there is the settlement of Nutepel'men, located north of the Rypatynonel'gyn Lagoon and south of the Pyngopil'gyn Lagoon. Kolyuchinskaya Bay, further south, is named after Kolyuchin Island. Administratively this island and its surrounding area belongs to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of the Russian Federation.
In September 1933 Soviet ice-breaker Cheliuskin got crushed by pack ice near Kolyuchin Island. The passengers and crew were rescued by air in a dramatic and much publicised operation which made heroes of Captain Vladimir Voronin and expedition leader Otto Schmidt.
- Armstrong, T., The Russians in the Arctic, London, 1958.
- Early Soviet Exploration: 
- History of Russian Arctic Exploration: 
- Pictures of animals in Kolyuchin Island: 
- Prydatko-Dolin V. Kolyuchin Island Landscapes. My Arctic-in-Art, 2010 (Rus.): 
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