List of countries by Muslim population

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World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2009)
World Muslim population in millions

Islam is the world's second largest religion after Christianity[citation needed]. According to a 2010 study, Islam has 1.62 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[1][2]

Islam by country
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Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, in Sahel, in the Horn of Africa and northern Africa,[3][4][5][6] and in some parts of Asia.[7] Africa is the only continent with a Muslim majority population (52.39%).[8] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, and Russia.[3][9] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[10]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[11] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.,[12] The largest Muslim country is Indonesia home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[3][13] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[14] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[3][13]

A study conducted by the Pew Research Center in 2010 and released January 2011[3][15] found that there are 1.62 billion Muslims around the world. The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[3]

Contents

List

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[3][15]

Country/Region[3] Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[3]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[3]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[3]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Afghanistan 29,047,000 99.8 1.8
Albania 2,601,000 82.1 0.2 38.8%-85%[16][17]
Algeria 34,780,000 98.2 2.1
American Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Andorra 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Angola 195,000 1.0 < 0.1
Anguilla < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
Argentina 1,000,000 2.5 0.1
Armenia 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Aruba < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
Australia 399,000 1.9 < 0.1
Austria 475,000 5.7 < 0.1 400-500,000[18] ~6.0%[19]
Azerbaijan 8,795,000 98.4 0.5
Bahamas < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bahrain 655,000 81.2 < 0.1 866,888[20] 70.2%[20]
Bangladesh 148,607,000 90.4 9.2
Barbados 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
Belarus 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
Belgium 638,000 6.0 < 0.1 628,751[21] 6.0%[21]
Belize < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Benin 2,259,000 24.5 0.1
Bermuda < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
Bhutan 7,000 1.0 < 0.1
Bolivia 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,564,000 41.6 0.1 45%[22]
Botswana 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Brazil 204,000 0.1 < 0.1 35,167[23] 0.03%[23]
British Virgin Islands < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
Brunei 211,000 51.9 < 0.1 67%[24]
Bulgaria 1,002,000 13.4 0.1 577,139[25] 10%[25]
Burkina Faso 9,600,000 58.9 0.6 60.5%[26]
Burma (Myanmar) 1,900,000 3.8 0.1
Burundi 184,000 2.2 < 0.1
Cambodia 240,000 1.6 < 0.1
Cameroon 3,598,000 18.0 0.2 20.9%[27]
Canada 940,000 2.8 0.1 1.9%[28]
Cape Verde < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cayman Islands < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Central African Republic 403,000 8.9 < 0.1 15%[29][30]
Chad 6,404,000 55.7 0.4
Channel Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Chile 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1 2,894[31] 0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[31]
China 23,308,000 1.8 1.4 50,000,000 - 100,000,000[32][33]
Colombia 14,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Comoros 679,000 98.3 < 0.1
Congo 969,000 1.4 0.1
Cook Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Costa Rica < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Croatia 56,000 1.3 < 0.1
Cuba 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cyprus 200,000 22.7 < 0.1
Czech Republic 4,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Denmark 226,000 4.1 < 0.1 210,000[34] 3.7%[34]
Djibouti 853,000 97.0 0.1
Dominica < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Dominican Republic 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Ecuador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Egypt 80,024,000 94.7 4.9 91%[35]
El Salvador 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
Eritrea 1,909,000 36.5 0.1 50%[36]
Estonia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1 1,400[37]
Ethiopia 28,721,000 33.8 1.8
Faeroe Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Federated States of Micronesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Fiji 54,000 6.3 < 0.1
Finland 42,000 0.8 < 0.1
France 4,704,000 7.5 0.3 8%-10%[38]
French Guiana 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
French Polynesia < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Gabon 145,000 9.7 < 0.1
Gambia 1,669,000 95.3 0.1
Georgia 442,000 10.5 < 0.1
Germany 4,119,000 5.0 0.3 4,300,000[39] 5,4%[39]
Ghana 3,906,000 16.1 0.2
Gibraltar 1,000 4.0 < 0.1
Greece 527,000 4.7 < 0.1
Greenland < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Grenada < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Guadeloupe 2,000 0.4 < 0.1
Guam < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Guatemala 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Guinea 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
Guinea Bissau 705,000 42.8 < 0.1 50%[40]
Guyana 55,000 7.2 < 0.1
Haiti 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Honduras 11,000 0.1 < 0.1
Hong Kong 91,000 1.3 < 0.1
Hungary 25,000 0.3 < 0.1
Iceland 371 0.1 < 0.1
India 177,286,000 14.6 10.9 14.6[41]
Indonesia 204,847,000 88.1 12.7
Iran 74,819,000 99.6 4.6
Iraq 31,108,000 98.9 1.9
Ireland 43,000 0.9 < 0.1 84,064[18] 2%[18]
Isle of Man < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Israel 1,287,000 17.7 0.1
Italy 1,583,000 2.6 0.1 825,000[19] 1.4%[19]
Ivory Coast 7,960,000 36.9 0.5 40%[42][43][44]
Jamaica 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Japan 185,000 0.1 < 0.1
Jordan 6,397,000 98.8 0.4
Kazakhstan 8,887,000 56.4 0.5 70.2%[45]
Kenya 2,868,000 7.0 0.2 10%[46]
Kiribati < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Kosovo 2,104,000 91.7 0.1 1,584,000[47]
Kuwait 2,636,000 86.4 0.2
Kyrgyzstan 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
Laos 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Latvia 2,000 0.1 < 0.1
Lebanon 2,542,000 59.7 0.2
Lesotho 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Liberia 523,000 12.8 < 0.1
Libya 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
Liechtenstein 2,000 4.8 < 0.1
Lithuania 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Luxembourg 11,000 2.3 < 0.1
Macau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Madagascar 220,000 1.1 < 0.1
Malawi 2,011,000 12.8 0.1
Malaysia 17,139,000 61.4 1.1
Maldives 309,000 98.4 < 0.1
Mali 12,316,000 92.4 0.8
Malta 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Marshall Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Martinique < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Mauritania 3,338,000 99.2 0.2
Mauritius 216,000 16.6 < 0.1
Mayotte 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
Mexico 111,000 0.1 < 0.1
Moldova 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
Monaco < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
Mongolia 120,000 4.4 < 0.1
Montenegro 116,000 18.5 < 0.1
Montserrat < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Morocco 32,381,000 99.9 2.0 99%[48]
Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
Namibia 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
Nauru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Nepal 1,253,000 4.2 0.1
Netherlands 914,000 5.5 0.1 5.8%[49]
Netherlands Antilles < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
New Caledonia 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
New Zealand 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
Nicaragua 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Niger 15,627,000 98.3 1.0
Nigeria 75,728,000 47.9 4.7
Niue < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
North Korea 3,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
Norway 144,000 3.0 < 0.1 163,180 in 2008[50]
Oman 2,547,000 87.7 0.2
Pakistan 178,097,000 96.4 11.0
Palau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Palestinian territories 4,298,000 97.5 0.3 99.3% (Gaza Strip),[51] 75% (West Bank)[52]
Panama 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
Papua New Guinea 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Paraguay 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Peru < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Philippines 4,737,000 5.1 0.3
Pitcairn Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Poland 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
Portugal 65,000 0.6 < 0.1
Puerto Rico 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Qatar 1,168,000 77.5 0.1
Republic of Congo 60,000 1.6 < 0.1
Republic of Macedonia 713,000 34.9 < 0.1
Reunion 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
Romania 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
Russia 16,379,000 11.7 1.0 15%[53]
Rwanda 188,000 1.8 < 0.1
St. Helena < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
St. Kitts and Nevis < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
St. Lucia < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
St. Pierre and Miquelon < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
Samoa < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
San Marino < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Sao Tome and Principe < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Saudi Arabia 25,493,000 97.1 1.6
Senegal 12,333,000 95.9 0.8
Serbia 280,000 3.7 < 0.1
Seychelles < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
Singapore 721,000 14.9 < 0.1
Slovakia 4,000 0.1 < 0.1
Slovenia 49,000 2.4 < 0.1
Solomon Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Somalia 9,231,000 98.6 0.6 99.9%[54][55][56][57][58]
South Africa 737,000 1.5 < 0.1
South Korea 75,000 0.2 < 0.1
Spain 1,021,000 2.3 0.1 1,000,000[19] 2.3%[19]
Sri Lanka 1,725,000 8.5 0.1
Sudan 30,855,000 71.4[Note 1] 1.9 97.0%[59]
Suriname 84,000 15.9 < 0.1 19.6%[60]
Swaziland 2,000 0.2 < 0.1
Sweden 451,000 4.9 < 0.1 450-500,000[61] ~5%[61]
Switzerland 433,000 5.7 < 0.1 400,000[62] 5%[62]
Syria 20,895,000 92.8 1.3
Taiwan 23,000 0.1 < 0.1
Tajikistan 7,006,000 99.0 0.4
Tanzania 13,450,000 29.9 0.8 35%[63]
Thailand 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
Timor-Leste 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Togo 827,000 12.2 0.1 20%[64]
Tokelau < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tonga < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Tunisia 10,349,000 99.8 0.6
Turkey 74,660,000 98.6 4.6
Turkmenistan 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
Turks and Caicos Islands < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tuvalu < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uganda 4,060,000 12.0 0.3
Ukraine 393,000 0.9 < 0.1 2,000,000[65]
United Arab Emirates 3,577,000 76.0 0.2
United Kingdom 2,869,000 4.6 0.2 2,422,000[18] 2.4%[19]
United States 2,595,000 0.8 0.2 7,000,000[66]
U.S. Virgin Islands < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uruguay < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Uzbekistan 26,833,000 96.5 1.7
Vanuatu < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Vatican City 0 0 0
Venezuela 95,000 0.3 < 0.1
Vietnam 160,000 0.2 < 0.1 71,200[67]
Wallis and Futuna < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Western Sahara 528,000 99.6 < 0.1
Yemen 24,023,000 99.0 1.5
Zambia 59,000 0.4 < 0.1
Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9 < 0.1
South & Southeast Asia 1,005,507,000 24.8 62.1
Middle East-North Africa 321,869,000 91.2 19.9
Sub-Saharan Africa 242,544,000 29.6 15.0
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Americas 5,256,000 0.6 0.3
World Total 1,619,314,000 23.4 100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See also

References

  1. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://pewforum.org/The-Future-of-the-Global-Muslim-Population.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  2. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. http://features.pewforum.org/global-christianity/total-population-percentage.php. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://features.pewforum.org/muslim-population/. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  4. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://pewforum.org/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-regional-middle-east.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  5. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://pewforum.org/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-regional-sub-saharan-africa.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  6. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid 1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  7. ^ Britannica[dead link], Think Quest, Wadsworth.com
  8. ^ "Number of Muslim by continent". muslimpopulation.com. http://muslimpopulation.com/World/. Retrieved 2012-06-20.]
  9. ^ Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  10. ^ See:
  11. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://pewforum.org/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-muslim-majority.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  12. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. http://pewforum.org/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-regional-asia.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. http://www.nationmaster.com/graph/rel_isl_num_of_mus-religion-islam-number-of-muslim. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
  14. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  15. ^ a b "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center), http://pewforum.org/future-of-the-global-muslim-population-preface.aspx
  16. ^ "Albania". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/al.html. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
  17. ^ "Religious Freedom-Albania". The Religious Freedom Page. http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu/nationprofiles/Albania/rbodies.html. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
  18. ^ a b c d How many Muslims live in Austria?
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Muslims in Europe: Country guide". BBC News. 2005-12-23. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4385768.stm.
  20. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  21. ^ a b In België wonen 628.751 moslims
  22. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Bosnia and Herzegovina-
  23. ^ a b [1] Census 2010
  24. ^ The Word Factbook - Brunei
  25. ^ a b Census 2011
  26. ^ The Word Factbook - Burkina Faso
  27. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon
  28. ^ "Canada". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  29. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Central African Republic
  30. ^ The World Factbook - Central African Republic
  31. ^ a b Chile 2002 census database
  32. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)
  33. ^ http://books.google.ca/books?id=zp6wcpZQkO0C&pg=PA22&lpg=PA22&dq=100+million+muslims+in+china&source=bl&ots=k5BD6zJquh&sig=Z_P9FkEdPxxOlZ1k836EpmOzWEE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=UyB4UN7qEeGfyAG_soHQBQ&ved=0CG4QuwUwCQ#v=onepage&q=100%20million%20muslims%20in%20china&f=false
  34. ^ a b Denmark - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  35. ^ Religion Statistics > Islam > Percentage Muslim (most recent) by country
  36. ^ 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom - Eritrea
  37. ^ Islam in Estonia homepage.
  38. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - France
  39. ^ a b Studie: Deutlich mehr Muslime in Deutschland
  40. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Guinea-Bissau
  41. ^ By 2030, Muslims will make up 16 pc of India's population
  42. ^ Figures, stats and information on Cote d'Ivoire
  43. ^ Côte d'Ivoire The religious and ethnic faultlines in Ivory Coast
  44. ^ RELIGION-COTE D'IVOIRE: Women Seek More Leadership Roles
  45. ^ "The results of the national population census in 2009". Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 12 November 2010. http://www.eng.stat.kz/news/Pages/n1_12_11_10.aspx. Retrieved 21 January 2010.
  46. ^ 2008 Report on International Religious Freedom - Kenya
  47. ^ "Kosovo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kv.html. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
  48. ^ The World Factbook - Morocco
  49. ^ "Netherlands". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nl.html. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
  50. ^ Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre fra land der islam er hovedreligion, etter landbakgrunn. 1980, 1990, 2000 og 2008
  51. ^ "Gaza Strip". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gz.html. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
  52. ^ "West Bank". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/we.html. Retrieved 2010-06-05.
  53. ^ USCIRF Annual Report 2006 - The Russian Federation
  54. ^ Mohamed Diriye Abdullahi, Culture and Customs of Somalia, page 55
  55. ^ Harm De Blij, Why Geography Matters: More Than Ever page 202
  56. ^ Yoel Natan, Moon-o-theism, Volume I of II page 299
  57. ^ Christopher Daniels, Somali Piracy and Terrorism in the Horn of Africa, page 111
  58. ^ Shaul Shay, Somalia Between Jihad and Restoration page 107
  59. ^ "Number of Muslim in Sudan". qca.org.uk. http://www.qca.org.uk/libraryAssets/media/qca-05-1751-11320_sudan.pdf. Retrieved 2012-06-20.
  60. ^ The World Factbook - Suriname
  61. ^ a b Sweden - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  62. ^ a b Minaret debate angers Swiss Muslims
  63. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Tanzania
  64. ^ The World Factbook - Togo
  65. ^ Ислам в Украине
  66. ^ Ihsan Bagby, Paul M. Perl, Bryan T. Froehle (2010-02-20) About Islam and American Muslims. Council on American-Islamic Relations (Washington, D.C.). Retrieved on 2010-02-20.
  67. ^ Muslim Population in Asia: 1950 – 2020

Further reading

External links