Mlechchha dynasty

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For the ancient pejorative term for foreign people in India, see Mleccha
Kamarupa Kingdom
Mlechchha dynasty

650 CE–900 CE
Capital Hadapeshvar (present-day Tezpur)
Religion Polytheism
Government Monarchy
Maharajadhiraja
 -  c. 650 - c. 670 Salasthamba
 -  c. 815 – c. 832 Harjjaravarman
 -  c. 890 – c. 900 Tyagasimha
Historical era Classical India
 -  Established 650 CE
 -  Disestablished 900 CE

The Mlechchha dynasty[1] (c. 650 - 900) ruled Kamarupa from their capital at Hadapeshvar in the present-day Tezpur, Assam, after the fall of the Varman dynasty. The rulers were aboriginals (local clan, genetically non-diverse), though their lineage from Narakasura was constructed to accord legitimacy to their rule. According to historical records, there were twenty one rulers in this dynasty but the line is obscure and the names of some intervening rulers are not known. The Mlechchha dynasty in Kamarupa was followed by the Pala kings.

According to some historians, the remnant of the Mlechchha kingdom formed the later Kachari kingdom [2] based in Dimapur and the Sutiya kingdom based in Sadiya after being driven south and east by Brahmapala of the Pala dynasty.

Rulers[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Kamarupa
Copper Plate Seal of Kamarupa Kings.jpg
Rulers and Events
  • Salasthamba (650-670)
  • Vijaya alias Vigrahastambha
  • Harshadeva alias Harshavarman (725-745)
  • Balavarman II
  • Salambha[3]
  • Harjjaravarman (815-832)
  • Vanamalavarmadeva (832-855)
  • Jayamala alias Virabahu (855-860)
  • Balavarman III (860-880)
  • Tyagasimha (890-900)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Though mlechchha is a derogatory word, Harjaravarman, a king of this dynasty explains the term (though illegible) in the Hayunthal copper plates (Sharma 1978:91).
  2. ^ (Bhattacharjee 1992, p. 393)
  3. ^ Pralambha, read from the Tezpur plates, can be corrected to Salambha, in light of the Parbatiya plates, (Sarma 1978, p. 105)

References[edit]

  • Bhattacharjee, J. B. (1992), "The Kachari (Dimasa) state formation", in Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam 2, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board, pp. 391–397 
  • Sharma, M M (1978), Inscriptions of Ancient Assam, Guwahati: Gauhati University 
  • Sircar, D. C. (1990), "The Mlechchha Dynasty of Salasthambha", in Barpujari, H. K., The Comprehensive History of Assam 1, Guwahati: Assam Publication Board