Normanton, Queensland

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Normanton
Queensland
Normanton-queensland-australia-gulf-savannah-gulf-of-carpetnaria.jpg
Entry into Normanton
Normanton is located in Queensland
Normanton
Population: 1,100[1]
Established: 1867
Postcode: 4890
Coordinates: 17°40′S 141°04′E / 17.667°S 141.067°E / -17.667; 141.067Coordinates: 17°40′S 141°04′E / 17.667°S 141.067°E / -17.667; 141.067
Location:
LGA: Shire of Carpentaria
State/territory electorate(s): Mount Isa
Federal Division(s): Kennedy
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
33.4 °C
92 °F
21.3 °C
70 °F
921.7 mm
36.3 in

Normanton is a small cattle town in the Gulf Country region of northwest Queensland, Australia, just south of the Gulf of Carpentaria, on the Norman River. The town's population is 1,100, 60 per cent of whom are Indigenous Australians.[1] The town is one terminus of the isolated Normanton - Croydon Railway, which was built during gold rush days in the 1890s. The Gulflander motor train operates once a week.

Normanton is the administrative centre of Shire of Carpentaria.[2] Among Normanton's most notable features is a statue[3] of an 8.64 m long saltwater crocodile named Krys, the largest ever taken, which was shot by Krystina Pawlowska in July 1957 in the Norman River.[4] Barramundi and salmon may also be caught in the river. The Big Barramundi, which is 6 m long is also located in the town.[5]

Contents

History

The site for the town was selected because Burketown was abandoned owing to fever and flooding.[2] Settlers moved into the town in 1867.[6] Normanton attracted people from a variety of cultures, including Chinese drawn to the gold fields.[2] The population reached 1,251 by 1891.[7] The gold boom was short-lived. By 1947 the town's population had declined to 234.[7]

In the early years there was a large Aboriginal population as well. Some Aborigines were moved to Mornington Island and Doomadgee in the early 20th century.

The town contains the longest intact and operating Burns Philp store in Queensland. The general mercantile store and agency office was opened in 1884.[8]

Industry

The Big Barramundi

Like other Gulf communities the prawning industry makes an important economic contribution to the town. Tourism has recently become an important part of the economy of Normanton, with Gulflander an significant draw-card.[7]

Facilities

Normanton has a sports centre, golf course, bowling green, gun club, racecourse, rodeo ground, and an aerodrome. Normanton public library and visitor information services are located in the historic Burns Philp Building.[9]

Transport

The Gulflander, 2011

Six kilometres south of the town is the start of the Gulf Developmental Road, part of the Savannah Way tourist drive. The Normanton railway station features a large steel frame with an open canopy to provide shade.[6]

Climate

Normanton has a tropical savanna climate with two distinct seasons. There is a hot, humid and extremely uncomfortable wet season from December to March and a hot and generally rainless dry season usually extending from April to November. During the wet season most roads in the area are usually closed by heavy rainfall, which on several occasions has exceeded 650 millimetres (26 in) in a month or 250 millimetres (10 in) in a day from tropical cyclones. On occasions, as with all of Queensland, the wet season may fail and deliver as little as 240 millimetres (9.4 in) between December 1934 and March 1935[10]

Temperatures are uniformly hot, ranging from 36.8 °C (98 °F) in November just before the wet season begins to 29 °C (84 °F) at the height of the dry season in July. In the wet season, temperatures are marginally lower, but extremely high humidity means conditions are very uncomfortable and wet bulb temperatures averages 25 °C (77 °F) and can reach 28 °C (82 °F). In the dry season, lower humidity and extremely low cloudiness provides for rather less uncomfortable conditions.

Climate data for Normanton Post Office, Queensland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.1
(109.6)
41.0
(105.8)
40.1
(104.2)
39.5
(103.1)
37.2
(99)
35.6
(96.1)
35.6
(96.1)
38.3
(100.9)
40.1
(104.2)
41.8
(107.2)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) 34.7
(94.5)
33.9
(93)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
31.7
(89.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29.1
(84.4)
31.1
(88)
33.9
(93)
35.9
(96.6)
36.8
(98.2)
36.1
(97)
33.4
(92.1)
Average low °C (°F) 25.1
(77.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
22.4
(72.3)
19.1
(66.4)
16.1
(61)
15.2
(59.4)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
22.6
(72.7)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
21.3
(70.3)
Record low °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
17.3
(63.1)
16.7
(62.1)
14.4
(57.9)
7.2
(45)
6.7
(44.1)
7.0
(44.6)
6.6
(43.9)
11.1
(52)
13.7
(56.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.9
(66)
6.6
(43.9)
Rainfall mm (inches) 260.2
(10.244)
249.2
(9.811)
157.7
(6.209)
30.9
(1.217)
7.5
(0.295)
9.2
(0.362)
3.2
(0.126)
1.7
(0.067)
3.0
(0.118)
10.5
(0.413)
45.1
(1.776)
144.4
(5.685)
922.6
(36.323)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 13.9 13.9 9.4 2.4 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 1.3 4.4 9.0 57.1
 % humidity 74 78 70 57 52 52 48 44 45 49 54 65 57.3
Source: [11]

See also

Portal icon Queensland portal


References

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Normanton (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL344600&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) (2002). Heritage Trails of the Queensland Outback. State of Queensland. pp. 94. ISBN 0-7345-1040-3.
  3. ^ http://images.travelpod.com/users/travelnshit/1.1318938577.krys-the-savannah-king.jpg
  4. ^ "Death of a monster," The Australian, 25 November 2008
  5. ^ "Big Barramundi". The Courier-Mail (News Queensland). http://www.couriermail.com.au/travel/holiday-ideas/gallery-e6frer1f-1226026664472?page=1. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  6. ^ a b Cook, Penny (2006). Discover Queensland Heritage. Corinda, Queensland: Pictorial Press Australia. p. 18. ISBN 1876561424.
  7. ^ a b c "Travel: Normanton". Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 8 February 2004. http://www.smh.com.au/news/Queensland/Normanton/2005/02/17/1108500203650.html. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  8. ^ Brian Williams (24 October 2011). "Queensland's earliest surviving Burns Philp store at Normanton, Gulf of Carpentaria, to be heritage-listed". The Courier Mail (News Queensland). http://www.couriermail.com.au/realestate/historic-gulf-store-to-be-heritage-listed/story-e6frequ6-1226174520223. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  9. ^ "Normanton". Centre for the Government of Queensland. http://queenslandplaces.com.au/normanton. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  10. ^ Monthly Rainfall: Normanton Post Office
  11. ^ Climate statistics for Australian locations - Normanton Post Office (1872-2001)

External links