From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Omid Memarian (in Persian: امید معماریان) (born 1974~ ) is an Iranian journalist and blogger. He was awarded the Golden pen at the National Press Festival in Iran at 2001. He has been blogging since 2002, in English and Persian, and has written for Iranian daily newspapers such as Hayat-e No (New Life), Yas-e-no (New Jasmin), Vaqaye-e Ettefaqiyeh (Occurring Events) and Sharq (or Shargh = meaning East). He is well known for his regular news analysis columns and blogs in English and Persian.
Memarian received his bachelor's degree in metallurgy from the Islamic Azad University in Karaj. He was the editor of Volunteer Actors Quarterly which dealt with civil society issues.
In 2004, Memarian attempted to attend a conference on Iranian civil society in New York. He had obtained a US visa, but en route in Frankfurt, US authorities refused to allow him to board his flight, saying that he was on a No Fly List. They provided no other information. He was arrested a few days after his return to Tehran.
Arrest and detention
On 10 October, 2004, Memarian was arrested on the orders of the Tehran Prosecutor's Office's Ninth Chamber. He was detained for posting articles on several reformist newspapers, his blogs and online publications, and was charged with spreading a "dark picture of the country and stoking women's issues." Five days later the authorities also searched Memarian's home and confiscated his personal notes and computer. He was detained until mid-December 2004. According to Human Rights Watch, Memarian and other journalists who had been detained were subjected to torture and solitary confinement, but before their release they were coerced into signing a confession letter which stated that they had been detained under good conditions. Memarian has described his imprisonment and the interrogator's process of extracting a confession from him in interviews with National Public Radio.
Current work and awards
Memarian works as a freelance writer for the IPS (Inter Press Service) news agency Rooz Online, and BBC Persian. He has had op-ed pieces published in New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle, Los Angeles Times, Opendemocracy.net and Contra Costa Times.
In 2005, he received the Human Rights Defender Award, Human Rights Watch's highest honor, for his courageous work as a human rights activist.
- ^ a b IASTP - International and Area Studies Teaching Program - UC Berkeley
- ^ Iran Jails More Journalists and Blocks Web Sites New York Times November 8, 2004
- ^ Pushing the Envelope on Iranian Repression, column by Nora Boustany in Washington Post 11 November 2005
- ^ Iran: Judiciary Uses Coercion to Cover Up Torture (Human Rights Watch, 20-12-2004)
- ^ Bucar, Elizabeth M. and Roja Fazaeli. 2008. Free speech in Weblogistan? The offline consequences of online communication. International Journal of Middle East Studies 40. 403-419.
- ^ Omid Memarian. Forced confessions
- ^ This American Life. 433 Fine Print 2011, Originally aired 04.15.2011
- ^ Human Rights Watch Honors Iranian Journalist and Blogger
- ^ Rotary.org: Rotary Centers for International Studies in peace and conflict resolution