ツイートする Facebook にシェア

Streams of Zionism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

The Zionist Movement was produced by various philosophers representing different approaches concerning the objective and path that Zionism should follow. The principal common goal was the aspiration to establish an independent state for the Jewish people. However, the method of action needed was in dispute. There were two main approaches to the modus operandi:

  • Political Zionism - led by Theodor Herzl and Max Nordau. This approach opined that negotiation is first needed between the superpowers regarding a charter over the Land of Israel.
  • Practical Zionism - led by Moshe Leib Lilienblum and Leon Pinsker and molded by the Hovevei Zion organization. This approach opined that firstly there is a need in practical terms to implement Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel, Aliyah, and settlement of the land, as soon as possible, even if a charter over the Land is not obtained.

Later on a combination of these two main approaches was produced:

Another division between these generic types of Zionism derives from ideological differences that do not necessarily have to do with Zionism itself, but rather a comprehensive world view held by the people of these different groups regarding the character of the future Jewish State:

Dov Ber Borochov, one of the leaders of Labor Zionism
  • Labor Zionism - led by Nachman Syrkin, Ber Borochov, Haim Arlosoroff, and Berl Katznelson:
    As opposed to Practical and Political Zionism, Labor Zionism desired to establish an agriculturist society not on the basis of a private-bourgeoisie society, but rather on the basis of moral equality.
  • Revisionist Zionism - led by Ze'ev Jabotinsky:
    Revisionist Zionism was initially led by Ze'ev Jabotinsky and later by his successor Menachem Begin (later Prime Minister of Israel), and emphasized the romantic elements of Jewish nationality, and the historical heritage of the Jewish people in the Land of Israel as the constituent basis for the Zionist national idea and the establishment of the Jewish State. They supported Liberalism and particularly Economic liberalism, and opposed Labor Zionism and the establishing of a communist society in the Land of Israel. Revisionist Zionism opposed any containment of Arab terror and supported firm military action against the Arab gangs that had attacked the Jewish Community in the Land of Israel. Due to that position, a faction of the Revisionist leadership split from that movement in order to establish the underground Irgun. This stream is also categorized as supporters of Greater Israel.
  • Cultural Zionism - led by Ahad Ha'am (Asher Zvi Hirsch Ginsberg):
    Cultural Zionism opined that the fulfillment of the national revival of the Jewish People should be achieved by creating a cultural center in the Land of Israel and an educative center to the Jewish Diaspora, which together will be a bulwark against the danger of assimilation that threatens the existence of the Jewish People.
  • Revolutionary Zionism - led by Avraham Stern, Israel Eldad and Uri Zvi Greenberg:
    Revolutionary Zionism viewed Zionism as a revolutionary struggle to ingather the Jewish exiles from the Diaspora, revive the Hebrew language as a spoken vernacular and reestablish a Jewish kingdom in the Land of Israel.[1] As members of Lehi during the 1940s, many adherents of Revolutionary Zionism engaged in guerilla warfare against the British administration in an effort to end the British Mandate of Palestine and pave the way for Jewish political independence. Following the State of Israel's establishment leading figures of this stream argued that the creation of the state of Israel was never the goal of Zionism but rather a tool to be used in realizing the goal of Zionism, which they called Malkhut Yisrael (the Kingdom of Israel).[2] Revolutionary Zionists are often mistakenly included among Revisionist Zionists but differ ideologically in several areas. While Revisionists were for the most part secular nationalists who hoped to achieve a Jewish state that would exist as a commonwealth within the British Empire, Revolutionary Zionists advocated a form of national-messianism that aspired towards a vast Jewish kingdom with a rebuilt Temple in Jerusalem.[3] Revolutionary Zionism generally espoused anti-imperialist political views and included both Right-wing and Left-wing nationalists among its adherents. This stream is also categorized as supporters of Greater Israel.
  • Religious Zionism - led by Yitzchak Yaacov Reines, founder of Mizrachi (religious Zionism) and by Abraham Isaac Kook:
    Religious Zionism maintained that Jewish nationality and the establishment of the State of Israel is a religious duty derived from the Torah. As opposed to some parts of the Jewish non-secular community that claimed that the redemption of the Land of Israel will occur only after the coming of the messiah, who will fulfill this aspiration, they maintained that human acts of redeeming the Land will bring about the messiah, as their slogan states: The land of Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel (Hebrew: עם ישראל, תורת ישראל וארץ ישראל‎). Today they are commonly referred as the "Religious Nationalists" or the "settlers", and are also categorized as supporters of Greater Israel.

References

  1. ^ Israel Eldad, The Jewish Revolution, pp. 47-49
  2. ^ Israel Eldad, The Jewish Revolution, pp. 45
  3. ^ Israel Eldad, Israel: The Road to Full Redemption, p. 37 (Hebrew) and Israel Eldad, "Temple Mount in Ruins"

External links


  • ソーシャルブックマークに追加:

gooウェブ検索 急上昇ランキング (総合)
注目のニュース - gooニュース
懸命の捜索阻む雨、広島土砂災害
痴漢疑われ男逃走、山手線とまる
ハマス幹部3人を殺害 イスラエル
広島土砂災害、義援金の受付開始
米バンカメ、1・7兆円の和解発表
田中将大フリー登板へ…ヤ軍監督
ナイナイ深夜ラジオ 9月に終了へ
宮沢りえ「見たことのない自分」
gooのお知らせ
おもいやり食堂gooヘルスケア「おもいやり食堂」夏は冷たい飲み物やエアコンで身体を冷やしすぎになりがち。熱いクッパで夏バテを予防しましょう!
いまgooいまgoo「いま」の話題が楽しめる「いまgoo」、おもわず話したくなる話題で、楽しむ・シェアする・盛り上がる!
SIM入門スマホをお得に!SIMフリー端末、格安SIM情報あなたのスマホライフに使える、役立つ、得する情報をお届けします
災害用伝言サービスから節電サポートまでNTTグループ内の災害対策リンク集で、万が一のための情報を知っておこう。
パピレスgoo電子書籍特集私は大人になる為の一歩を踏み出す踏み入れてはいけない禁断の地へ…倉科遼×ハヅキが届ける物語!!
Wikipedia記事検索について
gooサービス
不動産   賃貸   地図   乗換案内   天気   郵便番号   中古車   中古バイク   講座   資格   求人   アルバイト   マネー   保険   ホテル予約   旅行   電話帳   ビジネスコラム   プレスリリース   エコ   飲食店   レシピ   恋愛占い   無料占い   歌詞   懸賞  

This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article ( Streams of Zionism ); it is used under the GNU Free Documentation License. You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the GFDL.