Royal Academy of Engineering

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Royal Academy of Engineering Logo, green, October 2013.jpg
Motto To bring engineering to the heart of society
Formation June 1976
Headquarters London
Membership
3 Royal Fellows, 1,541 Fellows
President
Professor Dame Ann Dowling DBE, FREng, FRS
Senior Vice President
Professor Sir William Wakeham FREng
Website www.raeng.org.uk

The Royal Academy of Engineering is the UK’s national academy of engineering. The Academy brings together the UK's leading engineers from across the engineering sectors for a shared purpose: to advance and promote excellence in engineering.

The Academy was founded in June 1976 as the Fellowship of Engineering with support from Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, who became the first Senior Fellow and, as of 2015, remains so. The Fellowship was incorporated and granted a Royal Charter on 17 May 1983 and became the Royal Academy of Engineering on 16 March 1992. It is governed according to the Charter and associated Statutes and Regulations (as amended from time to time).[1][2][3]

Fellows[edit]

The Fellowship currently stands at over 1,500 engineers from across the sectors and disciplines, who lead, guide and contribute to the Academy’s work and provide expertise.[4] Up to 60 engineers are elected each year by their peers, distinguished by the title 'Fellow of The Royal Academy of Engineering' and the postnominal designation 'FREng'. Honorary and International Fellows who have made exceptional contributions to engineering are also elected.The current President of the Academy is Professor Dame Ann Dowling DBE, FREng, FRS, the first woman to hold the office. The Immediate Past President is Sir John Parker GBE FREng. The Royal Fellows of the Academy comprise Prince Philip, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, and Anne, Princess Royal.

Activities[edit]

The Academy’s activities are focused on positioning engineering at the heart of society by:

  • encouraging entrepreneurs and innovators to develop ideas, investing in a body of world-class, commercially useful research and the researchers to create it
  • shaping national policy as an independent adviser to, and delivery partner of, government.[5]
  • nurturing engineering education[6] and skills through leadership, policy advice and programmes to enhance teaching and learning
  • inspiring young people to become engineers, increasing diversity across the profession and celebrating engineering excellence and innovation
  • leading the profession, harnessing the strengths of the engineering institutions and providing the voice of engineering
  • recognising great engineering through prizes and awards
  • choosing the best engineers to join the Fellowship and supporting them in leading its activities

It is a national Academy with a global outlook and conducts a number of international activities[7] with partners across the world.

The Academy is also instrumental in two policy alliances set up in 2009 to provide coherent advice on engineering education and policy across the profession: Education for Engineering[8] and Engineering the Future.[9]

The Academy is one of four agencies that receives funding from the UK's Department for Business Innovation & Skills for activities that support government policy on public understanding of science and engineering.[10]

History[edit]

Conceived in the late 1960s, during the Apollo space programme and Harold Wilson’s ‘white heat of technology’, the Fellowship of Engineering was born in the year of Concorde’s first commercial flight.[11]

The Fellowship's first meeting, at Buckingham Palace on 11 June 1976, enrolled 126 of the UK’s leading engineers.[12] The first fellows included Air Commodore Sir Frank Whittle, the jet engine genius, the structural engineer Sir Ove Arup, radar pioneer Sir George MacFarlane, the inventor of the bouncing bomb, Sir Barnes Wallis, father of the UK computer industry Sir Maurice Wilkes. The Fellowship’s first President, Lord Hinton, had driven the UK’s supremacy in nuclear power.[13]

The Fellowship focused on championing excellence in all fields of engineering. Activities began in earnest in the mid-1970s with the Distinction lecture series, now known as the Hinton lectures. The Fellowship was asked to advise the Department of Industry for the first time and the Academy became host and presenter of the MacRobert prize.[14]

In the 1980s, the Fellowship received its own Royal Charter along with its first government grant-in-aid. At the same time it also received significant industrial funding, initiated its research programme to build bridges between academia and industry and opened its doors to International and Honorary Fellows.[15]

In 1990, the Academy launched its first major initiative in education, Engineering Education Continuum, which evolved into the BEST Programme[16] and Shape the Future and Tomorrow's Engineers.[17]

The Academy’s increasing level of influence – in policy, research and education – was recognised when it was granted a royal title and became The Royal Academy of Engineering in 1992.[18]

Presidents of the Royal Academy of Engineering[edit]

The President of the Royal Academy of Engineering is the elected officer of the Academy who presides over meetings of the Council. The President is elected for a single term of not more than five years.

Years President
1976-1981 Christopher Hinton, Baron Hinton of Bankside OM, Kt, KBE, FREng, FRS
1981-1986 Robin Inskip, 2nd Viscount Caldecote DSC, KBE, FREng
1986-1991 Sir Denis Rooke OM, Kt, CBE, FREng, FRS,
1991-1996 Sir William Barlow Kt, FREng
1996-2001 Sir David Davies Kt, CBE, FREng, FRS
2001-2006 Alec Broers, Baron Broers Kt, FREng, FRS
2006-2011 John Browne, Baron Browne of Madingley FREng, FRS
2011-2014 Sir John Parker GBE, Kt, FREng
2014- Professor Dame Ann Dowling DBE, FREng, FRS

Diversity[edit]

The Academy strives to ensure that the pool of candidates for election to The Fellowship better reflects the diverse make-up society within which it exists. It set up the Proactive Membership Committee[19] in 2008 to identify and support the nomination of candidates from a range of underrepresented areas, aiming to boost the number of women candidates, engineers from industry and Small and Medium Enterprises, those from emerging technologies and ethnically diverse backgrounds.[20]

Carlton House Terrace and Prince Philip House[edit]

The Academy's premises, 3-4 Carlton House Terrace, are in a Grade I listed building overlooking St James’ Park, designed by celebrated architect John Nash and owned by the Crown Estates. The Academy shares the Terrace with two of its sister academies, the British Academy and the Royal Society as well as other institutes.

The building was renamed Prince Philip House,[21] in honour of the Senior Fellow, after renovation works were completed in 2012. Prince Philip House is also available for venue hire for meetings or events.

[edit]

The Academy’s current logo is inspired by the Neolithic hand-axe, humans' first technological advance, which was taken to be a symbol appropriate to the Academy, representative of the ever-changing relationship between humanity and technology.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RAEng: Charter, Statutes and Regulations". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Gordon Slemon (March 2004). "The First Fifteen Years - A brief history (1987-2002) of the Canadian Academy of Engineering" (PDF). Canadian Academy of Engineering. p. 2. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Royal Academy of Engineering". Parliament of the United Kingdom. 1 September 2002. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  4. ^ The Fellowship - List of Fellows. Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  5. ^ Society and Government Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-10-21.
  6. ^ Education Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-10-22.
  7. ^ International Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-10-21
  8. ^ Education for Engineering educationforengineering.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  9. ^ Engineering the future www.engineeringthefuture.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  10. ^ 2010 to 2015 government policy: public understanding of science and engineering - GOV.UK
  11. ^ Celebrating Concorde. Britishairways.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  12. ^ "Founder Fellows". Royal Academy of Engineering. 10 June 1976. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  13. ^ History of The Academy - Early Days. Raeng.org.uk (1976-06-11). Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  14. ^ History of The Academy - 1976–1981: Establishing a track record. Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  15. ^ History of The Academy - 1981–1986: Growing influence and activities. Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  16. ^ [1] Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  17. ^ [2] Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  18. ^ History of The Academy - 1991–1996: From Fellowship to Royal Academy. Raeng.org.uk (1992-07-02). Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  19. ^ [3] Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  20. ^ Council and Committees: Proactive Membership Committee. Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.
  21. ^ Central London conference and business meeting venue; offering major rooms suited to events and receptions on elegant Carlton House Terrace and St James - Prince Philip House www.princephiliphouse.com. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  22. ^ Visual Identity Guidelines. Raeng.org.uk. Retrieved on 2013-08-13.

External links[edit]