Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700)
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|Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700)|
|Part of Russo-Turkish Wars|
Capture of Azov by Russian emperor Peter the Great (on horseback)
| Tsardom of Russia
| Ottoman Empire
The Russo–Turkish War began after the Tsardom of Russia joined the European anti-Turkish coalition (Habsburg Austria, Poland–Lithuania, Venice) in 1686. During the war, the Russian army organized the Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689 and the Azov campaigns of 1695 and 1696.
In light of Russia's preparations for the war with the Swedish Empire and other countries' signing the Treaty of Karlowitz with the Ottoman Empire in 1699, the Russian government signed the Treaty of Constantinople in 1700. The Treaty ended the war, ceded Azov and the Taganrog fortress to Russia, affirmed Russian pilgrimage rights to the Holy Land, established a Russian diplomatic base in Constantinople, and secured the return of all prisoners of war. The Tsar also affirmed that his subordinates, the Cossacks, would not attack the Ottomans, while the Sultan affirmed his subordinates, the Crimean Tatars, would not attack the Russians.
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