From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|— City —|
|• Total||3,201 km2 (1,236 sq mi)|
|Elevation||152.4 m (500.0 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Sahiwal (Urdu: ساہِيوال), is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is the administrative centre of Sahiwal District and Sahiwal Division. Sahiwal is approximately 180 km from the major city Lahore and is the city between Lahore and Multan. The population is 207,388 (1998 Pakistan Census).
A small village on the Karachi-Lahore railway line during 1865 was named Montgomery after Sir Robert Montgomery, then Lieutenant-Governor of Punjab. was made the capital of the Montgomery District. Its name was reinstated as Sahiwal in 1967 after the Sahi clan of Kharal Rajpoots who are the native inhabitants of this area.
The city is in the densely populated region between the Sutlej and Ravi rivers. The principal crops are wheat, cotton, tobacco, legumes, potato and oilseeds. Cotton goods and lacquered woodwork are manufactured. Government of Pakistan banned leader of Tehreek-e-Khatme Nabuwwat and Secretary General of Majlis-e-Ahrar-e-Islam Abdul Latif Khalid Cheema to deliver speech in the area of District Sahiwal for two months again because of the situation of Law-in-order in Muharram (November 2012).
Seraiki is the spoken language of people of district. Urdu is also spoken language of citizens.
The Sahiwal District has been settled from the pre-historical era. Harappa is an archaeological site, about 35 km (22 mi) west of Sahiwal, that was built approximately 2600 BCE. The area was part of South Asian empires and in crossroads of migrations and invasions from Central Asia. The pastoral tribes of this barren expanse did not appear to have paid more than a nominal allegiance to the Muslim rulers, the population for the most part remained in a chronic state of rebellion. Sahiwal is located close to Pakpattan, a famous medieval town and Muslim Sufi pilgrimage site. The Pakpattan owes its sanctity and modern name, 'the holy ferry', to the shrine of the great Muslim Sufi Fariduddin Ganjshakar Shaikh-ul-Islam, Farid-ul-Hakkwa-ud-Din, Shakar Ganj (1173–1265) which was visited by old great traveller and historian Ibn Batuta in 1334. The native population converted to Islam by Sufi missionaries. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh took control of Sahiwal. The inhabitants were treated benevolently during Sikh rule. The district came under direct British rule in 1849, when the district was officially formed with its headquarters at Pakpattan. The district was expanded to include the trans-Ravi portion in 1852, and the district headquarters were moved to Gogera. In 1865, when the railway was opened, a village on the railway, was named Montgomery and became the capital of the district.
During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, there was a general rising of the Muslim Rajput, the District formed the scene of the only rising which took place north of the Sutlej. Before the end of May 1857, emissaries from Delhi crossed the river from Sirsa and Hisar, where open rebellion was already rife, and met with a ready reception from the Kharals and other Muslim Rajput. The District authorities, however, kept down the threatened rising till August 26, 1857 when the prisoners in jail made a desperate attempt to break loose. At the same time Ahmad Khan, a famous Kharal leader, who had been detained at Gogera, broke his arrest, and, though apprehended, was released on security, together with several other suspected chieftains. On September 16 they fled to their homes, and the whole country rose in open rebellion. Kot Kamalia was sacked; and Major Chamberlain, moving up with a small force from Multan, was besieged for some days at Chichawatni on the Ravi. The situation at the civil station remained critical till Colonel Paton arrived with substantial reinforcements from Lahore. An attack which took place immediately after their arrival was repulsed. Several minor actions followed in the open field, until finally the rebels, driven from the plain into the wildest jungles of the interior, were utterly defeated and dispersed. The British troops then inflicted severe punishment on the insurgent clans, destroying their villages, and seizing large numbers of cattle for sale.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Sahiwal district.
Agriculture is important to the local economy, particularly the growing of cotton, grain, potato, wheat and rice exported all over Pakistan and around the world. As well as its cattle and sheep, the Division is also famous for Water Buffalo milk.
Industry of Sahiwal division is mainly an Agro-based Industries and has approximately 1682 industrial units. The main industries include Beverage & Food processing units (Mitchell's Fruit Farms Limited, Montgomery Biscuits,Beakers Land & Sweets Factory etc.), Rice Mills, Sugar Mills (Ittefaq Sugar Mills Limited, Baba Farid Sugar Mills Limited etc.), Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Tobacco (Lackson Tobacco) etc., Cotton Ginning & Pressing, Flour Mills, Fertilizer companies (Fauji Fertilizer Company Limited etc.), Vegetable Ghee & Cooking Oil (Habib Oil Mill etc.), Textile Weaving/Spinning, Soap & Detergent, Paper & Paper Board, Poultry Feed, Seed Processing and leather products.
The climate of Sahiwal district is extreme, reaching 52 °C in summer, and down to -5 °C in winter. The soil of the district is very fertile. The average rainfall is about 2000 mm.
There are various radio and cable networks broadcasting in the city, such as Radio Awaz Fm 105. Sahiwal, Sun Rise FM 96 Sahiwal radio and cable networks like Voltas Cable Network, Galaxy Cable Network and Geo Cable network.Voltas cable net work is providing 280+ cahnnels,geo cable is providing 168 channels, galaxy cable is providing 60 channels, The main companies providing dial-up internet facilities are BrainNet and CyberNet. World Call Wireless has also started its operation in Sahiwal. World Call provides wireless telephones at low call rates and a wireless internet facility which is much faster than the dial-up service providers in the city. Recently, Wateen Telecom has also opened its office in Sahiwal. Wateen offers landline telephone, cellular phone, HAQ television, high-speed internet and WiMax.
Sahiwal houses several educational institutes of quality. Government College Sahiwal is one of big institute in the city. It has 100 acres of land which includes the college building, a separate library building, a recreational building having swimming pool inside two hostels named Jinnah Hall and Iqbal Hall and vast green playgrounds.
Government High School,Government Mehmoodia High School, Government High School Urban Area, Government Comprehensive High School, Government High School 86/6.R, Government High School 89/6.R and Government Pilot Higher Secondary School are the leading high schools of the city. Junior Model High School, Divisional Public School (DPS) and St. Mary's Convent School are also providing education. Educator School. Divisional Public School (DPS),is one of the biggest semi-government school in Sahiwal & is the best result showing institution in Sahiwal. St. Mary's Convent High School, is a well reputed English medium institution run by Italian nuns. Many among the elite of Sahiwal send their children to St. Mary's.
The private sector is playing a major role in primary education: renowned schools in this regard are Gehwara-i-Taleem High School Sahiwal. The Educators, The Beaconhouse School System, Bloom Field, The City School and Pre-Forces Cadet School. A new building of The City School is under construction in front of Comprehensive School Sahiwal. After completion it will be the largest private school campus in Sahiwal. Another new school established in 2007 is the Dare-Aqram Model School and Sahiwal public school,Golden gate,Pak forces are important schools.Lasani Public High School Sahiwal
Sahiwal Medical College, Government College for Women, Sahiwal, also contains the Baha-u-Deen Zikria University (BZU) sub-campus. One of the oldest Institutes of Commerce is the Government College of Commerce, Sahiwal.
Royal College of Commerce Sahiwal is a Commerce College in Sahiwal and is ahead of many contemporary educational institutes of Sahiwal Divisioon.Royal College of Commerce is in the main area of the city of Sahiwal. The Educators College has separate campuses for boys and girls.Punjab Group Of Colleges has also opened their campus in this city in 2010.
There are two Government Colleges for Technical Education that offer three years DAE & B.Tech in various disciplines. There are many Private Technical Education Institutes that offer DAE & B.Tech. Allama Iqbal Polytechnic Institute is the first institute to offer DAE in Mechanical Technology (since 2003). Faridia Islamic University is also located at Sahiwal. The Sahiwal Board has also been established.Which will now conduct the exams of higher & higher secondary education.The DPS college has also got the best overall result in multan board and had got 3rd position in pre-medical exams in multan board.
A lot is being planned for the education sector in Sahiwal. BZU Multan is planning its separate sub-campus in Sahiwal, and land has been acquired for this purpose. It is hoped that the university will be complete in two years and will be called the 'University of Sahiwal'. The Virtual University of Pakistan has opened its regional as well as private campus in Sahiwal, and offers distant learning programmes. Regional Campus is situated at college chowk upper building of Bakers Inn.
The Commission on Science and Technology and Sustainable Development, in the South, i.e., COMSATS has opened its sixth campus at Sahiwal. It is a Public Sector University, Chartered by Federal Government providing quality education in the field of Management Sciences and Computer Sciences at both undergraduate and post graduate level. COMSATS has an edge over its competitor institutions and it has foreign qualified and experienced faculty at its Sahiwal campus.
The Civil Hospital is the largest and teaching hospital for Sahiwal Medical College. The Christian Hospital, Bhagwan Jee Children Hospital, Shah hospital, the Mir Wilayat Hussain Zaidi Maternity Hospital are also located in Sahiwal.
Sahiwal is twinned with the town of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, North West England. There is a direction sign in Rochdale's town centre pointing in Sahiwal's direction with "Sahiwal 3960 miles" written on it.
Notable people from Sahiwal
- Agha Bashir Ahmed, acclaimed social activist and cricket administrator.
- Majeed Amjad, Urdu poet
- Mushtaq Ahmed, leading former Test cricketer
- Tariq Aziz, renowned television anchor
- Attash Durrani, Urdu writer and Scholar
- Rana Mohammad Hanif Khan, politician and former Finance Minister of Pakistan
- Kunwar Mohinder Singh Bedi Sahar, Urdu Poet
- Nouraiz Shakoor, politician and former Federal minister
- Sain Zahoor, leading Sufi musician
- The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Micropædia. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1991. ISBN 978-0-85229-529-8. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- A history by Sahiwal Police
- Agricultural Research Council (Pakistan) (1 January 1980). Pakistan journal of agricultural research. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Nazli, Caesar B. Cororaton, Abdul Salam, Zafar Altaf, David Orden and Reno Dewina, Nicholas Minot, Hina. Cotton-Textile-Apparel Sectors of Pakistan: Situations and Challenges Faced. Intl Food Policy Res Inst. p. 47. GGKEY:1W7L1FH7N4N. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Cotton handbook of Pakistan. Pakistan Central Cotton Committee. 1983. p. 217. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "عبداللطیف خالد چیمہ کی دو ماہ کے لئے ضلع ساہیوال میں زبان بندی کا حکم جاری". Daily Jang. November 12, 2012, Monday.
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- "Montgomery District - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 411". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- ":Govt. Post Graduate College Sahiwal:". Gpgcs.edu.pk. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- "Punjab Assembly". Pap.gov.pk. Retrieved 2010-03-24.