San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte

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San Nicolas
Robinsons Ilocos Norte
Robinsons Ilocos Norte
Official seal of San Nicolas
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of San Nicolas
Map of Ilocos Norte showing the location of San Nicolas
San Nicolas is located in Philippines
San Nicolas
San Nicolas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°10′21″N 120°35′45″E / 18.17250°N 120.59583°E / 18.17250; 120.59583Coordinates: 18°10′21″N 120°35′45″E / 18.17250°N 120.59583°E / 18.17250; 120.59583
Country Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province Ilocos Norte
District 2nd District
Barangays 24
 • Mayor Melanie Grace Pizaña Valdez
 • Total 40.18 km2 (15.51 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 34,237
 • Density 850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2901
Dialing code 77
Income class 2nd class; partial urban
Website sannicolasilocosnorte

San Nicolas or Bayan ng San Nicolas is a second class municipality in the province of Ilocos Norte, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 34,237 people.[3] San Nicoleños are famous for their traditionally-designed pots (called "bangas") and their warm hospitality towards visitors. It has the fastest economic and commercial growth among Ilocos Norte municipalities.


The Municipality of San Nicolas is subdivided into 24 barangays.

Names of Barangay Type Brgy.No. Local Names
San Agustin Rural 21 Bugnay
San Baltazar Urban 2
San Bartolome Urban 4
San Cayetano Urban 12
San Eugenio Urban 13
San Fernando Urban 11
San Francisco Urban 1
San Gregorio Urban 14
San Guillermo Rural 22 Catuguing
San Ildefonso Urban 3
San Jose Urban 15
San Juan Bautista Urban 6
San Lucas Urban 9
San Marcos Rural 16 Payas
San Miguel Urban 7
San Pablo Rural 21
San Paulo Urban 10
San Pedro Rural 18 Bingao
San Lorenzo Rural 19
Santa Monica Rural 24 Nagrebcan
Santa Cecilia Rural 23 Barabar
Santa Asuncion Rural 17 Samac
San Silvestre Urban 5
San Rufino Urban 8


The present name of San Nicolas was given in the year 1733, after Saint Nicholas de Tolentino who was believed to have protected the people against floods, earthquakes, fires, typhoons and other calamities. It is significant that in Ilocos Norte, only San Nicolas was named after a Saint.[4]

Like any other town in the ancient province of Ilocos, San Nicolas was established by Augustinian missionaries. Vigan, the first Spanish mission center in this region, was founded in 1575. In the year 1572, when the Spaniards first explored the Laoag (Padsan) River, they met hostile resistance from the natives of San Nicolas and Laoag. In another expedition dispatched from Vigan in 1584 San Nicolas was established and Laoag followed a year later.[4]

San Nicolas Catholic Church built in 1701 is one of the oldest buildings in this province. Its original structure is one of the must see places of the town. The Church and the attached Sta. Rosa Academy Building, the well preserved Municipal Hall and the old Town Plaza sprawled between them constitute the heart of the town center. These buildings and structures are originally built and continue to be festooned with earthen bricks, which is among the products of the surviving local earthenware industry.[4]

It is also located right at the center of the developing metropolis radiating from Laoag City. The town is a potential contributor to the social, economic and cultural development of Ilocos Norte in support to the Provincial Government’s program of reviving and enriching the Ilocano cultural heritage under the leadership of Governor Ferdinand Marcos, Jr.[4]


Population census of San Nicolas
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 27,632 —    
1995 29,083 +0.96%
2000 31,688 +1.86%
2007 33,642 +0.83%
2010 34,237 +0.64%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][5]
  • Bulleted list item


  • Valdez Center: The biggest project of Venvi Group of Companies. Robinsons Mall, 365 Plaza, Freddo, Balai Condominium, and McDonalds San Nicolas is situated here. More infrastructure is seen to rise in this place.
  • Robinsons Ilocos Norte: The first full-operating mall in the province, was built in San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte. Opening last December 3, 2009, it makes a good income to the town and the province. Last December 18, 2012 the mall expansion was announced.
  • Northwestern University Ecotourism Park and Botanical Gardens: A member of the Botanic Garden Conservation International (BGCI), which caters to the conservation of important indigenous plant species of the province which are now on the verge of extinction.
  • St. Nicholas de Tolentino Parish Church
  • San Nicolas Town Plaza
  • Buabo-Buabo
  • Valdes Residencia
  • Valdes old house is used in World War II as a Hedquarters of the Japanese Army and also used in the American Regime.
  • San Nicolas Municipal Hall


San Nicolas National High School (SNNHS) is the most popular high school destination for teens living in the urban-part of the town. It has two campuses: Main and Bingao campuses.

San Nicolas has 11 public elementary schools composed of:

Central zone:

  1. San Nicolas Elementary School - Brgy. 3
  2. Eladio V. Barangan Memorial Elementary School - Brgy. 14

South zone:

  1. Cayetano Bumanglag Memorial Elementary School - Brgy. 16 (formerly Payas Elementary School)
  2. Catuguing Elementary School - Brgy. 22
  3. Asuncion Elementary School - Brgy. 17
  4. Bugnay Elementary School - Brgy. 21
  5. Bingao Elementary School - Brgy. 18

East zone:

  1. Filipinas East Elementary School - Brgy. 7(formerly Filipinas Elementary School-Main Campus)
  2. Filipnas West Elementary School - Brgy. 7 (formerly Filipinas Elementary School-Annex Campus)
  3. Pasion Barangan Memorial Elementary School - Brgy. 24
  4. Barabar Elementary School - Brgy. 23

The town has one private, Catholic school, the Sta. Rosa Academy, named after St. Rose of Lima, the patron saint of one of its founders. It is one of the oldest schools in the Diocese of Laoag. It was established in 1936 by the late Msgr. Fidel Albano, together with the late Miss Rosa Valdes, Mrs. Teresa Llopis Zabala and Miss Castora Bonoan.

Health facilities[edit]

Health Facility Barangay
The Black Nazarene Hospital, Inc 2
Municipal Health Center 3
Gertes Hospital 15
Mamaclay Clinic 7

Religious Buildings[edit]

  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses(Brgy.2)
  • Saint Nicholas de Tolentino Parish Church(Brgy.3)
  • Iglesia Filipina Independiente(Brgy.3)
  • Church of Jesus Latter-Day Saints(Brgy.2)
  • Church of Jesus Latter-Day Saints(Brgy.21)
  • Iglesia ni Cristo(Brgy.1)

Sister Cities[edit]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: ILOCOS NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d "San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte Profile" (JSP). 
  5. ^ "Province of Ilocos Norte". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 

External links[edit]