ダメヅマリ

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』

出典: フリー百科事典『ウィキペディア(Wikipedia)』
移動先: 案内検索

ダメヅマリ囲碁用語のひとつで、ある石のダメが詰まることで、各種の不都合が生じる状態を指す。「ダメの詰まりは身の詰まり」という囲碁格言があるように、不必要にダメを詰めてしまうことは身の破滅につながり、碁において戒められる事柄のひとつである。

ダメヅマリの例[編集]

  • 例1
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Go l.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go w4.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go b3.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go b1.svg Go w2.svg Go b.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

左図、aの場所にダメが空いている場合は、右のように黒1とオイてこられても、白4までと対応して生きられる。

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Go bT.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
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Go w.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go b.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg
 
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Go bT.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go l.svg Go A.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go b3.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go b1.svg Go w2.svg Go b.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

しかし▲にダメが詰まると、黒1から3の時に白はaに打てず、このまま死にとなる。

  • 例2
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Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w.svg Go w.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go w8.svg Go A.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go b9.svg Go b1.svg Go w2.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go b7.svg Go w4.svg Go w.svg Go w6.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg Go board diagram image.svg
Go dl.svg Go b3.svg Go b5.svg Go d.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

左図で一見白地は完全に見えるが、外のダメが全て詰まっているため右図黒1からの手段が生じ、セキで白地がゼロになってしまう(ダメが1つでも空いていれば、黒9の後に白aに詰めて取れる)。

  • 例3
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Go dl.svg Go d.svg Go b.svg Go w.svg Go d.svg Go w.svg Go b.svg Go d.svg Go d.svg

黒1にダメを詰められると、白はどう打っても上の4目の空間に眼が作れないため全滅となる。