^Tanaka T, Hattori T, Kouchi M, Hirano K, Satouchi K (1998). “Methylene-interrupted double bond in polyunsaturated fatty acid is an essential structure for metabolism by the fatty acid chain elongation system of rat liver”. Biochim. Biophys. Acta1393 (2–3): 299–306. doi:10.1016/s0005-2760(98)00084-8. PMID9748638.
^Pasman, Wilrike J., et al. (2008). “The effect of Korean pine nut oil on in vitro CCK release, on appetite sensations and on gut hormones in post-menopausal overweight women”. Lipids Health Dis7 (10). doi:10.1186/1476-511X-7-10.
^Lee JW, Lee KW, Lee SW, Kim IH, Rhee C. (April 2004). “Selective increase in pinolenic acid (all-cis-5,9,12-18:3) in Korean pine nut oil by crystallization and its effect on LDL-receptor activity”. Lipids39 (4): 383–7. doi:10.1007/s11745-004-1242-2. PMID15357026.